Appendix Survey Questions Related to Early Learning Standards
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I truly enjoyed presenting to this necessary audience! Shout out the William Penn High AP team. From left to right: Lawrence Bopp, Natasha Mathis, and Kijuan Felder. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention, and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it. Goya When a task cannot be partitioned because of sequential constraints, the application of more effort has no effect on the schedule. The bearing of a child takes nine months, no matter how many women are assigned. The Mythical Man-Month Some ideas are so stupid that only intellectuals could believe them.
George Orwell Intelligence is like a four-wheel drive. It allows you to get stuck in more remote places. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift. It a person masters the fundamentals of his subject and has learned to think and work independently, he will surely find his way and besides will better be able to adapt himself to progress and changes than the person whose training principally consists in the acquiring of detailed knowledge. Albert Einstein, in Ideas and Opinions, p.
Through it he may become a kind of useful machine but not a harmoniously developed personality. It is essential that the student acquire an understanding of and a lively feeling for values. He must acquire a vivid sense of the beautiful and of the morally good. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it. A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines.
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With consistency a great soul has simply nothing to do. He may as well concern himself with his shadow on the wall. Speak what you think now in hard words, and to-morrow speak what to-morrow thinks in hard words again, though it contradict every thing you said to-day. Ah, so you shall be sure to be misunderstood. Is it so bad, then, to be misunderstood? This is the test of generals. Success can only be ensured by instinct sharpened by thought.
At the crisis, it is as natural as a reflex. Albert Einstein Reasonable people adapt themselves to the world. Unreasonable people attempt to adapt the world to themselves. All progress, therefore, depends on unreasonable people. Yogi Berra A good hockey player plays where the puck is.
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A great hockey player plays where the puck is going to be. Wayne Gretzky Creativity is thinking up new things. Eliot The foolish and the dead alone never change their opinions. James Russel Lowell As the births of living creatures, at first, are ill-shapen: so are all Innovations, which are the births of time. Francis Bacon In times of change, learners inherit the earth, while the learned find themselves equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.
Eric Hoffer The world owes all of its onward impulses to men ill at ease. The happy man inevitably confines himself within ancient limits. Nathaniel Hawthorne I want to stay as close to the edge as I can without going over. Out on the edge you see all kinds of things you can’t see from the center. In the age of information sciences, the most valuable asset is knowledge, which is a creation of human imagination and creativity. We were among the last to comprehend this truth and we will be paying for this oversight for many years to come. Mikhail Gorbachev, 1990 Innovation by definition will not be accepted at first.
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It takes repeated attempts, endless demonstrations, monotonous rehearsals before innovation can be accepted and internalized by an organization. Should emotional intelligence play a role in the workplace? The authors review this taxonomy, with emphasis on negativity dominance, including literary, historical, religious, and cultural sources, as well as the psychological literatures on learning, attention, impression formation, contagion, moral judgment, development, and memory. Kathryn Schulz, in Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error Leaders can let you fail and yet not let you be a failure. George Bernard Shaw Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go. Instead of turning away in denial when you make a mistake, you should become a connoisseur of your own mistakes, turning them over in your mind as if they were works of art, which in a way they are.
Most of us will do anything to avoid being wrong. But what if we’re wrong about that? Wrongologist” Kathryn Schulz makes a compelling case for not just admitting but embracing our fallibility. The world is changing much more rapidly than most people realize, says business educator Eddie Obeng — and creative output cannot keep up. James Clerk Maxwell In an honest search for knowledge, you quite often have to abide by ignorance for an indefinite period.
What does real scientific work look like? They only function when they are open. Richards Heuer Imagination is more important than knowledge. You don’t accomplish anything and you annoy the pig. William Weil Men believe what they prefer. Francis Bacon If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts.
But if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties. Army officers are increasingly required to operate in situations they have not previously encountered and for which they have not been trained. In these situations, the ability to critically think through a problem, rather than apply previously learned solutions and procedures, is crucial to Army success. This effort began in 2000, with the development of a theoretical model of critical thinking and the identification of eight high pay-off critical thinking skills for Army Battle Command. And How and Where and Who. In this model of progress, errors do no lead us away from the truth. Instead they edge us incrementally toward it.
The Learning Center Learn today, your way! Access podcasts, webinars, courses, online tutorials, NSTA Press resources, and online communities to sharpen your science teaching skills. We’re dedicated to improving science instruction and increasing public awareness of science education. Enter the terms you wish to search for. To Allah’ erupted in mainstream media. The mystery surrounding how these vastly different cultures became intertwined has intrigued and continues to intrigue many.
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It is worth noting however that this was not the only contact documented between the Viking and Muslim Civilisation. This article aims to shed light on the transmission between the Viking and Muslim civilisation regarding this ring and beyond. It also aims to address the misconceptions surrounding the discussion of the Islamic World during medieval times along with the relationship between the Viking and Muslim Civilisation which demonstrates how far historical amnesia spans. This article was edited to fit Muslim Heritage website standards. It was originally written in May 2015 during the height of the refugee crisis .
Such articles highlighting the interactivity between Muslims and Europe, which spans back hundreds of years, can foster cultural awareness and intercultural respect. The Abbasid Connection From the eighth to the eleventh century, the Vikings were renowned for roaming the world and covering large distances, which preceding them some historians hold was a feat never done before. Their expeditions are said to have extended from Western-Europe to Central Asia, it is from here that sources indicate the extent to which the Vikings had contact with the Muslim World during Ancient Times. The Abbasid domain, particularly when under the authority of Harun al-Rashid, was accustomed to interacting with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. What is more, similar to traders and merchants from the Muslim world, Viking traders also appeared to exhibit a barter system for trading goods, particularly with commodities such as furs, honey, leather, ivory, fish and other commodities.
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This was in place of the prized and costly silver at that time. Hoekstra in their book, “Supply-Side Sustainability”. Indeed, the excavating of many of the sites in Scandinavian countries at present could be said due to the translation of such accounts made by voyagers and scholars from Muslim lands into European languages. Noonan continues to state that it was in the quest of these silver dirham, the Scandinavians resorted to venturing East in the first instance. Akin to the Viking, voyagers and scholars from various Muslim dynasties were also familiar with travelling on behalf of their rulers. Marr mentioned how the Vikings came to be known as Russians as Oleg, a Viking prince and leader of the Rus was at the head of the Viking expedition to the lands known as Russia today. For more infomation please see Appendix 10.
Historians in Al-Andalus however were of different opinion due to frequent attacks perpetrated by the Vikings. A Viking fleet sacks Lisbon, Seville, Cadiz and Algeciras in the Emirate of Cordova and Asilah in Morocco. In retaliation, the forces of the Emir trap the Viking fleet on the River of Guadalquivir destroying 30 ships and killing 1,000 Vikings. Most of the 400 captured Vikings are executed. Vikings would make numerous raids against both Muslim and Christian states in the Iberian Peninsula. Moroccan state of Nakur and pillaged it.
In addition to the above statement, John M. Vikings, and the Austrians turned away the Vikings, just as they had stopped the Muslims. In response, the Vikings raided Muslim territories at Lisbon and then sailed around the peninsula and up the Guadalquivir River to besiege Seville. Although they may not have been held in high regard in the opinion of people in Al-Andalus, their raids demonstrated their military might and effective strategy. 971 CE by the Count of Aragón, Gonzalo Sanchez, the Age of the Seafarer Viking had come to an end in the Mediterranean.
Emir of Córdoba and its officers, according to a sixteenth-century manuscript. It should be noted that the Vikings were also mercenaries who fought for different nations. If the Vikings did indeed travel long journeys towards the east, they may well have been hired by Muslim armies also, particularly by Andalusian or Muslims from the Caucasus region. In 1041 CE, a Viking expedition led by Ingvar the Widefarer to the Caucasus against Muslim nations resulted in a strong defeat. The Turks, and especially the Khazars and Bulgars, were the dominant powers in the region when the Rus arrived. The texts mainly show how powerful the Turks were.
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For more information of other encounters please see Appendix 10. As outlined above, with the amalgamation of European and non-European sources, archaeologists and historians have invested a considerable amount of time to retrieve information relating to the Viking Age on the Swedish islands. Their most prized ornaments are green glass beads of clay, which are found on the ships. They trade beads among themselves and pay a dirham for a bead. 10,000 silver Dirhams from the 7th-9th century AD, hidden c. Source: Dirhams for slaves: Investigating the Slavic slave trade in the tenth century – medievalists.
Most recently, in a research paper published on 23rd February, 2015, archaeologists noticed that an excavation of a woman who seems to have been buried in the ninth century bore a silver ring with an accompaniment of a purple stone. It should be noted that the ring itself was discovered in the late nineteenth century, yet only recently was a Kufic Arabic inscription identifed. At the moment the ring is in The Swedish History Museum in Stockholm – historiska. Arabic alphabet found chiefly in decorative inscriptions, which was well renowned in the eighth to tenth centuries. Regarding the material of the ring, a report conducted by the Wiley Periodicals Inc. SEM imaging and EDS analysis to characterize the material composition of an Arabic ﬁnger ring, which was found in a 9thc.
Muslim astronomer figures found on the Astronomical Clock in the Lund Cathedral in parts of Europe suggest that more studies and research should be done to uncover similar artefacts signifying European and Muslim Civilisation inter-connectivity. While in the cathedral, I walked over to the medieval astronomical clock to await the moving figures and music that accompany the striking of the hour. During my wait, I noticed four carved figures that had been placed in each of the corners of the top part of the clock. The figures were wearing exotic clothing and one even wore a turban, immediately bringing to mind the image of an Arabic astronomer. Examples such as the aforementioned demonstrate the mutually beneficent relations Muslim and non-Muslim civilisations have enjoined in for centuries. Furthermore, these discoveries indicate the vast multicultural wealth which lies in overlooked places as it does in overlooked languages.
Additional examples of Muslim and European interconnectivity include Arabic inscriptions and eastern patterns found on altar cloths, church vestments and even funeral shrouds in Christian possession. This could have been due to the quality of the Muslim loom at the time. It is important to note that these discoveries are brought to our attention through investing in and promoting all histories and their connectivity with the modern day. Not just Europe but all over the World, and even places one does not expect. Muslim Vikings Besides the unearthing of the ring, an additional fact worthy of mention with regards to the Viking woman was that she appeared to be buried rather than cremated.
This suggests that the woman might have been amongst those Viking people who converted to Islam after their interaction with Muslims. Vikings, who converted to Islam in southeast Seville, would be famous for supplying cheese to Cordoba and Seville. Though many have offered their theories regarding the Scandinavian Viking woman and the ring, the true account of the story underlying this mystery is yet to be revealed. Roman Catholicism, Greek Orthodox Christianity, Judaism and Islam to come here and persuade him. The old Viking warrior was quite interested in Islam until he heard that it would involve giving up alcohol, at which point he said, in effect, “OK, you’re out”. Discussion and Conclusion If trade, political envoys, war and immigration amongst other factors were brought to light, we may yet learn of additional contacts made between the Viking and the Muslim world, such as the ring with an Arabic inscription on a Viking Woman. The sensationalism and mystery created around this discovery could be argued to be born from the lack of information researched or ellipsis on this subject.
Like many other civilisations that lived in Ancient times, the Vikings are misunderstood. Ibn Fadlan’s observation of the Vikings might be a kin to a city dweller visiting another continent and writing down their views. They keep their clothes clean and the men adorn themselves with armbands of gold. They treat their servants well and dress exquisitely because they are such keen traders They are generous to each other, honour their guests and treat well those who seek refuge with them, and all who come to visit them. They do not allow anyone to annoy or harm these.