This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Manson was the founder and leader of the Manson Family. The Manson Family was family Involvement commune established in California in the late 1960s, led by Charles Manson.
Involvement with Wilson, Melcher, et al. Upon his release from prison on March 21, 1967, Manson received permission to move to San Francisco, where, with the help of a prison acquaintance, he moved into an apartment in Berkeley. Manson established himself as a guru in San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district, which during 1967’s “Summer of Love” was emerging as the signature hippie locale. Manson Family, most of them female. Upon a staff evaluation of Manson when he entered prison in July 1961 at the U. Manson taught his followers that they were the reincarnation of the original Christians, and that the Romans were the establishment. Sometime around 1967, he began using the alias “Charles Willis Manson.
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Before the summer ended, Manson and eight or nine of his enthusiasts piled into an old school bus they had re-wrought in hippie style, with colored rugs and pillows in place of the many seats they had removed. They roamed as far north as Washington State, then southward through Los Angeles, Mexico, and the southwest. Topanga Canyon, assisted during the birth by several of the young women from the Family. Actor Al Lewis, who had Manson babysit his children on a couple of occasions, described him as “A nice guy when I knew him”. Inside the house, Wilson discovered 12 strangers, mostly women.
21,000 for the accidental destruction of his uninsured car, which they borrowed. Wilson paid for studio time to record songs written and performed by Manson. Wilson introduced Manson to entertainment business acquaintances. The account given in Manson in His Own Words is that Manson first met Wilson at a friend’s San Francisco house where Manson had gone to obtain cannabis. The drummer supposedly gave Manson his Sunset Boulevard address and invited him to stop by when he came to Los Angeles. Manson established a base for the group at Spahn’s Movie Ranch, not far from Topanga Canyon Boulevard, in August 1968, after Wilson’s manager evicted the Family. The entire Family then relocated to the ranch.
The ranch had been a television and movie set for Western productions. However, by the late 1960s, the buildings had deteriorated and the ranch was earning money primarily by selling horseback rides. Family members did helpful work around the grounds. Also, Manson ordered the Family’s women, including Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, to occasionally have sex with the nearly blind, 80-year-old owner, George Spahn. The women also acted as seeing-eye guides for Spahn.
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In exchange, Spahn allowed Manson and his group to live at the ranch for free. Squeaky acquired her nickname because she often squeaked when Spahn pinched her thigh. Charles Watson soon joined the group at Spahn’s ranch. Watson, a small-town Texan who had quit college and moved to California, met Manson at Dennis Wilson’s house. Watson gave Wilson a ride while Wilson was hitchhiking after his car was wrecked.
Spahn nicknamed Watson “Tex” because of his pronounced Texan drawl. See Wikipedia:Summary style for information on how to properly incorporate it into this article’s main text. In the first days of November 1968, Manson established the Family at alternative headquarters in Death Valley’s environs, where they occupied two unused or little-used ranches, Myers and Barker. While back at Spahn Ranch, no later than December, Manson and Watson visited a Topanga Canyon acquaintance who played them the Beatles’ White Album, then recently released.
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Family, he spoke of the group as “the soul” and “part of the hole in the infinite”. For some time, Manson had been saying that racial tension between blacks and whites was growing and that blacks would soon rise up in rebellion in America’s cities. He had emphasized Martin Luther King Jr. In early January 1969, the Family escaped the desert’s cold and positioned itself to monitor L.
Canoga Park, not far from the Spahn Ranch. Manson called it the Yellow Submarine, another Beatles reference. By February, Manson’s vision was complete. The Family would create an album whose songs, as subtle as those of the Beatles, would trigger the predicted chaos. Ghastly murders of whites by blacks would be met with retaliation, and a split between racist and non-racist whites would yield whites’ self-annihilation. Blacks’ triumph, as it were, would merely precede their being ruled by the Family, which would ride out the conflict in “the bottomless pit”, a secret city beneath Death Valley.
There are alternative theories to the Helter Skelter scenario and whether or not it was the actual motive behind the murders. Gary Hinman were in fact still at large. Manson, uninvited, entered 10050 Cielo Drive, which he had known as Melcher’s residence. Melcher was only a previous tenant. Manson was met by Shahrokh Hatami, an Iranian photographer and Tate’s friend.
Hatami was there to photograph Tate in advance of her departure for Rome the next day. Having seen Manson through a window as Manson approached the main house, Hatami had gone onto the front porch to ask him what he wanted. When Manson told Hatami he was looking for someone whose name Hatami did not recognize, Hatami informed him the place was the Polanski residence. Hatami advised him to try “the back alley”, by which he meant the path to the guest house, beyond the main house.
Concerned about the stranger on the property, Hatami went down to the front walk to confront Manson. Appearing behind Hatami, in the house’s front door, Tate asked him who was calling. Hatami said a man was looking for someone. Hatami and Tate maintained their positions while Manson, without a word, went back to the guest house, returned a minute or two later, and left.
That evening, Manson returned to the property and again went back to the guest house. Presuming to enter the enclosed porch, he spoke with Altobelli, who was just coming out of the shower. Although Manson asked for Melcher, Altobelli felt Manson had come looking for him. This is consistent with prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi’s later discovery that Manson had apparently been to the place on earlier occasions after Melcher’s departure from it. Speaking through the inner screen door, Altobelli told Manson that Melcher had moved to Malibu.
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He lied and said that he did not know Melcher’s new address. In response to a question from Manson, Altobelli said he was in the entertainment business, although, having met Manson the previous year, at Dennis Wilson’s home, he was sure Manson already knew that. Altobelli lied that he would be gone for more than a year. Altobelli expressed the wish that Manson not disturb his tenants. As Altobelli flew with Tate to Rome the next day, Tate asked him whether “that creepy-looking guy” had gone back to the guest house the day before. On May 18, 1969, Terry Melcher visited Spahn Ranch to hear Manson and the women sing. Melcher arranged a subsequent visit, not long thereafter, during which he brought a friend who possessed a mobile recording unit, but Melcher did not record the group.
By June, Manson was telling the Family they might have to show blacks how to start “Helter Skelter”. When Manson tasked Watson with obtaining money, supposedly intended to help the Family prepare for the conflict, Watson defrauded a black drug dealer named Bernard “Lotsapoppa” Crowe. Crowe responded with a threat to wipe out everyone at Spahn Ranch. Manson’s belief that he had killed Crowe was seemingly confirmed by a news report of the discovery of the dumped body of a Black Panther in Los Angeles. Although Crowe was not a member of the Black Panthers, Manson concluded he had been and expected retaliation from the Panthers. He turned Spahn Ranch into a defensive camp, with night patrols of armed guards. On July 25, 1969, Manson sent Family member Bobby Beausoleil along with Mary Brunner and Susan Atkins to the house of acquaintance Gary Hinman, to persuade him to turn over money Manson thought Hinman had inherited.
The three held the uncooperative Hinman hostage for two days, during which Manson showed up with a sword to slash his ear. After that, Beausoleil stabbed Hinman to death, ostensibly on Manson’s instruction. Brunner and Atkins, unaware of his intent, went along idly, merely to visit Hinman. Two days later, Manson told Family members at Spahn Ranch, “Now is the time for Helter Skelter. On the night of August 8, 1969, Manson directed Watson to take Susan Atkins, Linda Kasabian, and Patricia Krenwinkel to Melcher’s former home and kill everyone there. He told the three women to do as Watson told them. The next night of August 9, 1969, six Family members — Leslie Van Houten, Steve “Clem” Grogan, and the four from the previous night — drove out on Manson’s orders.
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Displeased by the panic of the victims at Cielo Drive, Manson accompanied the six, “to show them how to do it. Manson gave Kasabian directions that brought the group to 3301 Waverly Drive. Located in the Los Feliz section of Los Angeles, it was next door to a house at which Manson and Family members had attended a party the previous year. According to Atkins and Kasabian, Manson disappeared up the driveway and returned to say he had tied up the house’s occupants. He then sent Watson up with Krenwinkel and Van Houten.
In his autobiography, Watson stated that having gone up alone, Manson returned to take him up to the house with him. After Manson pointed out a sleeping man through a window, the two of them entered through the unlocked back door. Watson added at trial, he “went along with” the women’s account, which he figured made him “look that much less responsible. After Rosemary was brought briefly into the living room from the bedroom, Watson followed Manson’s instructions to cover the couple’s heads with pillowcases. He bound these in place with lamp cords.
Before leaving Spahn Ranch, Watson had complained to Manson of the inadequacy of the previous night’s weapons. The first thrust went into the man’s throat. Sounds of a scuffle in the bedroom drew Watson there to discover Mrs. After subduing her with several stabs of the bayonet, he returned to the living room and resumed attacking Leno, whom he stabbed a total of 12 times with the bayonet. When he had finished, Watson carved “WAR” on the man’s exposed abdomen.
He stated this in his autobiography. Heeding Manson’s instruction to make sure each of the women played a part, Watson told Van Houten to stab Mrs. She did, stabbing her approximately 16 times in the back and the exposed buttocks. Evidence showed that many of Mrs. She also planted a steak knife in his throat.
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Meanwhile, hoping for a double crime, Manson had gone on to direct Kasabian to drive to the Venice home of an actor acquaintance of hers, another “piggy”. Kasabian thwarted this murder by deliberately knocking on the wrong apartment door and waking a stranger. As the group abandoned the murder plan and left, Atkins defecated in the stairwell. The Tate murders became national news on August 9, 1969. The Polanskis’ housekeeper, Winifred Chapman, had arrived for work that morning and discovered the murder scene. Tate case of the bloody writing at the Hinman house. Steven Parent, the shooting victim in the Tate driveway, was determined to have been an acquaintance of William Garretson, who lived in the guest house.
Garretson was a young man hired by Rudi Altobelli to take care of the property while Altobelli was away. As the killers arrived, Parent had been leaving Cielo Drive, after a visit to Garretson. Held briefly as a Tate suspect, Garretson told police he had neither seen nor heard anything on the murder night. He was released on August 11, 1969, after undergoing a polygraph examination that indicated he had not been involved in the crimes. Interviewed decades later, he stated he had, in fact, witnessed a portion of the murders, as the examination suggested. August 10, approximately 19 hours after the murders were committed. Fifteen-year-old Frank Struthers — Rosemary’s son from a prior marriage and Leno’s stepson — returned from a camping trip and was disturbed by seeing all of the window shades of his home drawn and by the fact that his stepfather’s speedboat was still attached to the family car, which was parked in the driveway.