How can I teach child development at the elementary, middle, or high school level?
Please how can I teach child development at the elementary, middle, or high school level? this error screen to sharedip-10718043132. Support from parents is key to helping kids do well academically.
Here are 10 ways parents can put their kids on track to be successful students. Attend Back-to-School Night and Parent-Teacher Conferences Kids do better in school when parents are involved in their academic lives. Attending back-to-school night at the start of the school year is a great way to get to know your child’s teacher and his or her expectations. School administrators may discuss school-wide programs and policies, too. Attending parent-teacher conferences is another way to stay informed. These are usually held once or twice a year at progress reporting periods. The conferences are a chance to start or continue conversations with your child’s teacher, and discuss strategies to help your child do his or her best in class.
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Meeting with the teacher also lets your child know that what goes on in school will be shared at home. 504 education plans, or gifted education plans. Keep in mind that parents or guardians can request meetings with teachers, principals, school counselors, or other school staff any time during the school year. Visit the School and Its Website Knowing the physical layout of the school building and grounds can help you connect with your child when you talk about the school day. It’s good to know the location of the main office, school nurse, cafeteria, gym, athletic fields, playgrounds, auditorium, and special classes.
Many teachers maintain their own websites that detail homework assignments, test dates, and classroom events and trips. Special resources for parents and students are also usually available on the district, school, or teacher websites. Support Homework Expectations Homework in grade school reinforces and extends classroom learning and helps kids practice important study skills. It also helps them develop a sense of responsibility and a work ethic that will benefit them beyond the classroom. In addition to making sure your child knows that you see homework as a priority, you can help by creating an effective study environment.
Any well-lit, comfortable, and quiet workspace with the necessary supplies will do. 10 minutes per elementary grade level. Fourth-graders, for example, should expect to have about 40 minutes of homework or studying each school night. If you find that it’s often taking significantly longer than this guideline, talk with your child’s teacher. While your child does homework, be available to interpret assignment instructions, offer guidance, answer questions, and review the completed work. But resist the urge to provide the correct answers or complete the assignments yourself. Learning from mistakes is part of the process and you don’t want to take this away from your child.
Send Your Child to School Ready to Learn A nutritious breakfast fuels up kids and gets them ready for the day. In general, kids who eat breakfast have more energy and do better in school. Kids who eat breakfast also are less likely to be absent, and make fewer trips to the school nurse with stomach complaints related to hunger. You can help boost your child’s attention span, concentration, and memory by providing breakfast foods that are rich in whole grains, fiber, and protein, as well as low in added sugar. If your child is running late some mornings, send along fresh fruit, nuts, yogurt, or half a peanut butter and banana sandwich. Many schools provide nutritious breakfast options before the first bell.
Kids also need the right amount of sleep to be alert and ready to learn all day. Most school-age kids need 10 to 12 hours of sleep a night. Bedtime difficulties can arise at this age for a variety of reasons. Homework, sports, after-school activities, TVs, computers, and video games, as well as hectic family schedules, can contribute to kids not getting enough sleep. Lack of sleep can cause irritable or hyper types of behavior and might make it difficult for kids to pay attention in class. It’s important to have a consistent bedtime routine, especially on school nights. Be sure to leave enough time before bed to allow your child to unwind before lights out and limit stimulating diversions like TV, video games, and Internet access.
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Teach Organizational Skills When kids are organized, they can stay focused instead of spending time hunting things down and getting sidetracked. What does it mean to be organized at the elementary level? Check your child’s assignment book and homework folder every school night so you’re familiar with assignments and your child doesn’t fall behind. Set up a bin for papers that you need to check or sign. Also, keep a special box or bin for completed and graded projects and toss papers that you don’t need to keep. Talk to your child about keeping his or her school desk orderly so papers that need to come home don’t get lost. Teach your child how to use a calendar or personal planner to help stay organized.
It’s also helpful to teach your child how to make a to-do list to help prioritize and get things done. No one is born with great organizational skills — they need to be learned and practiced. Teach Study Skills Studying for a test can be scary for young kids, and many educators assume parents will help their kids during the grade-school years. Introducing your child to study skills now will pay off with good learning habits throughout life. In elementary school, kids usually take end-of-unit tests in math, spelling, science, and social studies.
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Be sure to know when a test is scheduled so you can help your child study ahead of time rather than just the night before. You also might need to remind your child to bring home the right study materials, such as notes, study guides, or books. Teach your child how to break down overall tasks into smaller, manageable chunks so preparing for a test isn’t overwhelming. You also can introduce your child to tricks like mnemonic devices to help with recalling information. Remember that taking a break after a 45-minute study period is an important way to help kids process and remember information. Your child probably will be introduced to standardized testing in elementary school.
While students can’t really study for standardized tests, some teachers provide practice tests to help ease students’ worries. In general, if studying and testing becomes a source of stress for your child, discuss the situation with the teacher or school counselor. The rules cover expectations, and consequences for not meeting the expectations, for things like student behavior, dress codes, use of electronic devices, and acceptable language. The policies may include details about attendance, vandalism, cheating, fighting, and weapons. Many schools also have specific policies about bullying.
It’s helpful to know the school’s definition of bullying, consequences for bullies, support for victims, and procedures for reporting bullying. It’s important for your child to know what’s expected at school and that you’ll support the school’s consequences when expectations aren’t met. It’s easiest for students when school expectations match the ones at home, so kids see both environments as safe and caring places that work together as a team. Get Involved Whether kids are just starting kindergarten or entering their last year of elementary school, there are many good reasons for parents to volunteer at school. It’s a great way for parents to show they’re interested in their kids’ education. Many grade-schoolers like to see their parents at school or at school events.
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But follow your child’s cues to find out how much interaction works for both of you. If your child seems uncomfortable with your presence at the school or with your involvement in an extracurricular activity, consider taking a more behind-the-scenes approach. Make it clear that you aren’t there to spy — you’re just trying to help out the school community. Check the school or teacher website to find volunteer opportunities that fit your schedule. Even giving a few hours during the school year can make an impression on your child. Take Attendance Seriously Sick kids should stay home from school if they have a fever, are nauseated, vomiting, or have diarrhea.
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Kids who lose their appetite, are clingy or lethargic, complain of pain, or who just don’t seem to be acting “themselves” should also take a sick day. Otherwise, it’s important that kids arrive at school on time every day, because having to catch up with class work and homework can be stressful and interfere with learning. If your child is missing a lot of school due to illness, make sure to check with the teacher about any work that needs to be completed. It’s also a good idea to know the school’s attendance policy.
Sometimes students want to stay home from school because of problems with classmates, assignments or grades, or even teachers. This can result in real symptoms, like headaches or stomachaches. If you think there’s a problem at school, talk with your child — and then perhaps with the teacher — to find out more about what’s causing the anxiety. The school counselor or school psychologist also might be able to help. Also try to avoid late bedtimes, which can result in tardy and tired students.
A consistent sleep schedule can help. Make Time to Talk About School It’s usually easy to talk with elementary students about what’s going on in class and the latest news at school. You probably know what books your child is reading and are familiar with the math being worked on. But parents can get busy and forget to ask the simple questions, which can have an effect on children’s success at school.
Make time to talk with your child every day, so he or she knows that what goes on at school is important to you. When kids know parents are interested in their academic lives, they’ll take school seriously as well. Because communication is a two-way street, the way you talk and listen to your child can influence how well your child listens and responds. It’s important to listen carefully, make eye contact, and avoid multitasking while you chat.
Be sure to ask questions that go beyond “yes” or “no” answers. These early years of schooling are an important time for parents to be informed and supportive about their child’s education. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. These booklists for children celebrate a wide range of cultures, languages, and experiences. They are perfect for read-alouds and bedtime stories, as well as for author studies!
Intermediate Strategies: Make It Relevant and Fun! I recently had the opportunity to teach summer school, and two of my sixth-grade students barely read at a first-grade level. This was very challenging for me, and I struggled to find the right way to address their need for phonics and comprehension instruction. Little by little, however, I began to find some simple strategies that worked for them, such as turning activities into a game. Before reviewing those strategies, however, it is helpful to understand where the difficulty lies when teaching phonics to older students. For ELLs who start their education in the U. 4th grade, this can be very problematic because the intensive phonetic instruction they need is unlikely to be a part of their daily curriculum.
Many educators believe that students only need to learn to read once. Once the concept of matching a symbol with a sound has been learned, it can be applied to new languages. Students who have not learned to read in their native language or whose native language does not use a phonetic alphabet may struggle to grasp the concept of phonetic relationships between sound and letters. In addition, these students must master that concept while applying it to a new language. Phonics instruction may also be tied to vocabulary words that are unfamiliar to ELLs. Worksheets with “fat, cat, mat, hat” are not always effective with older learners because of the lack of context and meaning.
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ELLs may not recognize all of the words listed in these drills, and they will not necessarily apply the sounds learned in the drills when they encounter new words in their reading text if they don’t see a connection from one exercise to the other. Phonics instruction materials and strategies are often targeted towards much younger children. While some materials can be adapted for use by older students, most are unlikely to be engaging or appealing for middle and high school ELLs. They may feel embarrassed at using “childish” materials, and they will quickly get bored by the drill and repetition that younger students have a need for.
Older students want to engage in activities requiring the use of higher-order thinking skills, which early literacy materials don’t usually offer. Despite these challenges, there are a number of strategies which can be effective for older ELLs. Give some of these a try! Basic Strategies: Build a Foundation Enlist extra support: ELLs in 4th grade and above who need further instruction on phonics will be most helped by intensive intervention. Ideally, they should attend a reading remediation class or receive special support to continue phonics instruction from a reading specialist. Use hands-on activities to help teach letter-sound relationships: This can include using manipulatives such as counters, sound boxes, magnetic letters, or Scrabble tiles.
Students may also be interested in creating their own materials on the computer or through an art project. Direction: Students may not be accustomed to reading from left to right and top to bottom. Letter-sound recognition: Students may need extra practice on matching sounds and letters, particularly if they are used to a system of characters that symbolize words rather than sounds. Use an alphabet chant: If older students need to review their alphabetic skills, look for a jazz or hip-hop alphabet chant that students will find entertaining and engaging. Ask students to listen carefully and then write what they heard. This activity trains students to listen for the individual sounds in words and represent them phonetically in their writing.
Ask your school’s reading specialist for help finding appropriate activities and materials. Integrate phonics and content instruction: When possible, collaborate with the reading specialist and content-area teachers to integrate phonics instruction into content and classroom lessons and texts, as well as into academic vocabulary instruction. Make it a game: Try activities as simple as looking for a particular sound on the page, or reciting words and having students hold up a sign with the correct sound on it after each word. You may also want to try short games of Scrabble, Hangman, and Memory. These are quick activities but they can effectively reinforce the targeted phonetic concept. Motivating ELL Student Readers: This article from Colorín Colorado offers strategies for engaging reluctant readers, as well as recommended booklists and publishers that offer “high-low” books and materials.
Leveled Books for Readers Grades 3-6, by Fountas and Pinnell: This book lists over 6,000 books and gives the author, reading level, publisher, and genre of each. The genres that are included are: “traditional literature,” “realistic fiction,” “historical fiction,” “science fiction,” “fantasy,” “biography,” and “information book. Use poetry, jazz chants, and songs: Find poems, chants, and songs that relate to students’ interests, or ask them to bring some of their favorites in that can be included in the lesson. Recite the text aloud, and then give students time to practice reading aloud as well. Integrate phonics instruction with word study: Teach students how to identify word parts, break words down into syllables, and use word families.
Use content-area words for this exercise that students are likely to find in their academic work. Final Thoughts While it may seem to be the most expedient solution, it is not appropriate to put an older ELL student in a lower grade — for example, 1st grade — in order to get the appropriate reading instruction. This can be very humiliating for the student and cause behaviors that would be detrimental to learning. By keeping activities age-appropriate and fun, and by tying instruction to the academic content that middle and high school students need to master, you will give your students the opportunity they need to start making progress as readers and writers. It will be challenging, but the extra effort it takes to engage them may be the key that unlocks the door to their future. Gear Up for a New School Year! Major support provided by our founding partner, the American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO.
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With generous support provided by the National Education Association. I have had great success with ELL’s using Orton Gillingham materials such as Rewards or Wilson Reading. It allows students to pick up word attack and phonics skills and is aimed at older students. I need suggestions on what phonics intervention kits are suitable for middle school to high school students. ELL students have increased at least 3 lexile levels in 3 months or less. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
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The 4th-grade multi-paragraph report and the 5th-grade multi-paragraph essay are long-standing educational requirements. The language changes somewhat, but the requirements remain mostly the same: multi-paragraph, organized, clear, coherent, and focused. On state writing assessments, most high-scoring 3rd grade writing is presented in wonderfully organized paragraph form. The reason that teachers don’t achieve their multi-paragraph goals is that the available techniques for teaching multi-paragraph writing are either too dogmatic or too esoteric. Neither approach reveals the truth of multi-paragraph writing to children. Easy Essay does reveal that truth.
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