Queen Victoria’s children
Queen Victoria was only 18 when she came to the throne and she had a queen Victoria’s children to learn. Her reign had a rocky start.
She thought that, as queen, she could do as she liked, and she quickly had to learn that she couldn’t. Queen Victoria’s reign spanned sixty four years, from 1837 – 1901. What name was she christened as? Who did Queen Victoria marry and when? How long exactly did Queen Victoria reign?
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Why did Queen Victoria wear black? What hobbies did Queen Victoria have? How did Britain change whilst Victoria was Queen? Who became the next King or Queen after Victoria? What were Queen Victoria’s children called? How many children did Victoria have? Her reign was the longest of any monarch in British history and came to be known as the Victorian era.
Princess Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Find out more about Victoria’s family tree. Duke of Edinburgh, are great-great-grandchildren of Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria was born on the 24 May in 1819.
Her father died eight months after she was born. Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London. What name was Victoria christened as? However, from birth she was formally addressed as Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Kent. Queen Victoria’s family nickname was ‘Drina’.
Victoria was part of a family of Germans, mainly called George, who came from Hanover. Click here to find out about Victoria’s family. At three years old she learnt to speak English and French. Later she learnt to speak Hindustani because she was ruler of India as well.
As well as learning languages, Victoria studied history, geography, and the Bible. She was taught how to play the piano and learned how to paint, a hobby that she enjoyed into her 60s. Queen Victoria came to the throne when she was only 18 years of age on June 20, 1837. Her coronation was a year later on 28 June 1838. At the age of 21, Victoria married her cousin, Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, a German Prince. They married on the 10th February 1840 at the Chapel Royal in St. Victoria had nine children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe.
Most of Queen Victoria’s children married into other royal families of Europe. Queen Victoria is our longest ever serving monarch. How old was Victoria when she inherited the throne? Her husband Albert died in 1861 at the young age of 42. She mourned his death for almost 10 years. For the rest of her reign she wore black.
Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live in Buckingham Palace. Victoria was known as the “Grandmother of Europe” because many of her children and grandchildren married into the royal families of other European countries. Queen Victoria loved singing and she enjoyed painting and drawing. She loved going to the opera. Britain became the most powerful country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world’s population.
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The number of people living in Britain more than doubled, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing. Factories and machines were built to meet this demand and new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked. Railways, originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time. Queen Victoria died on 22 January, 1901 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. Queen Victoria was survived by 6 children, 40 grandchildren and 37 great-grandchildren, including four future sovereigns of England: Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and George VI. She is buried in a mausoleum at Frogmore, Windsor. Queen Victoria was succeeded by her eldest son, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.
How many children did Queen Victoria have? All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow. Why does Royal Central have advertising? Who was in the Royal Box for The Queen’s birthday concert? The hair of Queen Marie Antoinette?
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Of the nine children of Queen Victoria, one daughter married in London, two on the Isle of Wight and one son in St. The remaining five married at Windsor, four at St George’s Chapel and one in the Private Chapel at Windsor Castle. The College of St George was founded in 1348 and is inextricably linked with the Most Noble Order of the Garter, one of the oldest orders of chivalry in medieval Europe, established by Edward III at the same time that he founded the College of St George. The Order of the Garter was a later incarnation of what he had promised four years earlier to be his so-called Order of the Round Table, itself an imitation of King Arthur’s celebrated circle of knights. Significantly, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, The Princess Royal, was the only one of their children whose wedding Prince Albert attended. This wedding to Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia took place at the Chapel Royal, St. James’s Palace on 25 January 1858.
The Princess Royal was photographed with her parents on the day of her wedding, Queen Victoria’s figure famously blurring in the daguerreotype because she was so nervous, as she later admitted. Mendelssohn’s Wedding March was played on the organ of the Chapel Royal, and the marriage ceremony was conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, with The Princess Royal walking up the aisle between Leopold I, King of the Belgians and her father, Prince Albert. The Royal Family in 1846’ by Franz Xavier Winterhalter, which hung behind the makeshift altar. Alice’s wedding bonnet was photographed the following year together with that of the Princess of Wales, as were Alice’s Honiton lace veil and wreath of orange blossoms and myrtle.
Princess Helena, Princess Louise and Princess Beatrice, and her new sister-in-law, Princess Anna of Hesse. Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna, daughter of Tsar Alexander II and Tsarina Marie Alexandrovna, in the Imperial Chapel of the Winter Palace, St. Petersburg on 23 January 1874, which was thus the only wedding of one of her children, at which the Queen herself was not present. Edward himself had married Philippa of Hainault at York Minster twenty years before this date. The Kings of the Wars of the Roses, Henry VI and Edward IV had both been buried there, as had, for example, Henry VIII and Charles I, the latter on a wintry night in February 1649, following his execution. The exception to the Windsor weddings which were performed at St George’s Chapel was that of the Queen’s third daughter, Princess Helena and Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, which took place on 5 July 1866 at Windsor Castle, in the Private Chapel which was destroyed by the fire of 1992.
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Honiton lace, trimmed with traditional myrtle and orange flowers, a long veil and a train. The Lady Margaret Scott, The Lady Laura Phipps, The Lady Mary Fitzwilliam, The Lady Muriel Campbell, The Lady Caroline Gordon Lennox, The Lady Albertha Hamilton, The Lady Alexandrina Murray, The Lady Ernestina Edgcumbe. Princess Alexandra of Denmark took place on 10 March 1863. Royal Closet at St George’s Chapel, also described as the ’Catherine of Aragon closet’ by the College of St George. The figure of Queen Victoria can be seen in the painting made of the marriage of the Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark, by the artist William Powell Frith.
She is pictured high up in the right foreground of the painting, wearing her black silk dress and widow’s cap with a white veil, together with her Garter badge and a miniature of Prince Albert. Fittingly, the Prince of Wales wore his Garter robes for the ceremony, which was attended by eight bridesmaids and conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Princess Alexandra of Denmark wore a white court dress made out of English silk, full-skirted and trimmed with Honiton lace, with decorations in the shape of thistles, roses and shamrocks. The white satin court dress worn by the future Queen Alexandra is in fact still preserved, in the Royal Ceremonial Dress Collection at Kensington Palace, as is that of Queen Victoria. It was made by a Mrs. Honiton lace, and bouquets of orange blossom and myrtle. Benjamin Disraeli, who committed the unfortunate faux pas of raising his eye-glass upwards to gaze at the Queen in the Royal Closet.
Wedding veils in Queen Victoria’s family had strange but fascinating lives of their own, being photographed even without their respective royal brides. Princess Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont’s dress was of white satin and trimmed with Brussels lace as opposed to Honiton. She wore a tiara of diamonds and a veil of white tulle, held by eight bridesmaids. Hallelujah Chorus’, and the couple walked out to the Wedding March by Mendelssohn, the composer who had been so greatly admired by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The wedding of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia, was celebrated at St George’s Chapel on 13 March 1879, attended by some fourteen clergies, with the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London. Queen Victoria’s fourth daughter, Princess Louise to John Campbell, Marquis of Lorne and future 9th Duke of Argyll, was also performed at St George’s Chapel on 21 March 1871, by the Bishop of London, who stood in place for the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Importantly, there is no mention of the Royal Closet any more than there had been at any of the other previous ceremonies, except for the marriage of the Prince of Wales. The Queen only specifically mentioned using the Closet at this one wedding in 1863, describing on other occasions as processing herself up towards the altar at St George’s Chapel, thereby actively participating as opposed to merely attending. Queen Victoria was in residence at nearby Osborne. Beatrice had ten bridesmaids: Princess Louise of Wales, Princess Irene of Hesse, Princess Victoria of Wales, Princess Maud of Wales, Princess Alix of Hesse, Princess Marie Louise and Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, Princess Victoria Melita, Princess Marie and Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh. The bridesmaids wore matching white dresses, gloves, stockings and bouquets of red and white carnations. The last of the royal weddings which would take place at St George’s Chapel, in Queen Victoria’s lifetime was that of Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein, to Prince Aribert of Anhalt, on 6 July 1891.
Following the Queen’s death in 1901, the first wedding to be celebrated at St George’s, was that of Princess Alice Mary of Albany and Prince Alexander of Teck, later Earl of Athlone on 10 February 1904. On 10 February 1840, her marriage to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha had taken place, in the Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace. With royal dates ever overlapping, however, this did not break the circle. Royal Baby Name Focus: Victoria and Albert Your challenge, should you choose to accept it, is to find a royal who isn’t called Albert or Victoria. Lost’ Queen and Westminster Abbey Amidst the chronicle of lost tombs at Westminster Abbey is that of Queen Anne Neville, wife of King Richard III.
Royal Central is the web’s most popular source for the latest news and information on the British Royal Family and the Monarchies of Europe. 2018 Royal Central, all rights reserved. How many children did Queen Victoria have? Was given the title Princess Royal because she was the eldest daughter. Prussia, 1858 and was given the additional title of Empress of Germany. Edward was born on 9 November 1841 as the Duke of Cornwall and the Duke of Rothesay.
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He became the Prince of Wales a month later because he was next in line to the throne. He married Princess Alexandra of Denmark in 1863. Edward succeeded the British Throne as King Edward VII when Queen Victoria died and reigned until his death on 6th May 1910. After marrying married Prince Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1862, Alice was given the additional title of Grand Duchess of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Was given the title of Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. He married Princess Marie of Russia in 1874. He was the first member of the Royal family to visit Australia. After marring Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein she was given the the additional title of Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein. He married Princess Helena of Waldeck-Pyrmont. After marrying Prince Henry of Battenberg she was given the additional title of Princess Beatrice of Battenberg. The Royal Family today is related to many European monarchies because of the marriages of Queen Victoria’s children.
Eight of Victoria’s children sat on the thrones of Europe, those of Great Britain, Prussia, Greece, Romania, Russia, Norway, Sweden and Spain. Queen Victoria was survived by 6 children, 40 grandchildren and 37 great-grandchildren, including four future sovereigns of England: Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and George VI. All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow. Please change your browser settings or upgrade your browser. Why does Royal Central have advertising? Who was in the Royal Box for The Queen’s birthday concert?
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This was the happiest day of my life! 10 February 1840, writing up the event for the day’s entry from Windsor Castle. It marked the beginning of her marriage to her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Even allowing for the indulgent grief that came to characterise the age to which Queen Victoria gave her name, an age which developed its own dictates of mourning, allowing a cult of death to flourish, it is only natural that the Queen’s grief for the Prince Consort should be commensurate with her great love for him. Queen Victoria’s choice of her cousin, Prince Albert, was by no means immediate, being instead rather a case of royal love at second sight.
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He came to England in 1836 at the age of sixteen, as the preferred choice of her maternal uncle, Leopold I, King of the Belgians, as a husband for her. Her accession in 1837, on the death of her paternal uncle, William IV, meant that the young Queen was not initially keen to forego her newfound freedom and independence. The choice for the wedding was the royal peculiar of the Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace. Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter, The Princess Royal would herself wed in 1858, in the only wedding ceremony of his children which Prince Albert would live to attend.
Queen Victoria woke before nine o’clock, in her bedroom at Buckingham Palace, to heavy rain. The diary entry for that day betrays her extreme emotion and is full of underlining, in the transcripts of her early journals by Lord Esher. Dearest, How are you today and have you slept well? The Queen had her hair dressed and then had placed on top of her coiffure, a wreath of orange blossoms. She made a quick pen and ink sketch of her bridal headdress, tucked into the pages of her journal.
Honiton lace and a corresponding veil. The Queen’s wedding veil became an item of precious, painful significance. The Queen wore it subsequently at the christenings of all her children and notably also for example, at the wedding in 1882 of her fourth son, Prince Leopold, wearing it over her widow’s weeds, a telling imagery for how the Queen saw herself. There is, however, something especially poignant about this image.
Queen’s orange-blossom wreath on top of it. Prince Albert in fact, designed for the Queen a set of orange-blossom jewellery, to which pieces were added over the years, from 1839-46. Turkish’ earrings by Rundells, which had been created the previous year out of diamonds presented to her by the Sultan Mahmud II in 1838. A large sapphire, diamond-set brooch, was worn at the front of her dress. Royal Wedding Cake, Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria and His Royal Highness Prince Albert, Married February 10, 1840’, was captured for posterity, although this time in a hand-coloured lithograph.