The classroom layout
Enter the terms you wish to search for. The layout of your classroom can have a serious impact on the way you teach and the way your students learn. This article looks at some of the basic points that you the classroom layout consider regarding the way you arrange your classroom. When you’re planning your lessons do you ever think about the layout of the classroom?
Sometimes it may be impossible and impractical to move the furniture around at all for many reasons including the fact that in some schools the tables are bolted to the floor! However, even if the furniture is immobile, remember that your students aren’t, so you can think about how you want to group students and how you can use the space you have to your advantage. In an ideal world the classroom furniture would be light and mobile so you could come in and quickly rearrange it to your liking. Unfortunately, in the real world it is often heavy and the rooms themselves are too small to make too many changes. Having said that I do think it’s worth thinking about the classroom layout and doing what you can to make it as appropriate as possible to your lesson.
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Can I see the faces of every single student and can they see me? Can the students see one another? Can I move around the room so that I can monitor effectively? For me, the first question is really important. I substitute a lot of classes, so I don’t necessarily know all the students’ names so it’s vital to be able to see them all.
Although it can seem like an extra effort and a waste of time I find that spending the first two minutes of a class moving the furniture so that I can see every single face is time well invested. Tables in a horseshoe or three sided square shape. This is great if you’re doing board work and speaking activities. All the students will be able to see you, the board and each other and you will have a lovely space in the middle of the horse shoe and around the outside to monitor. If you have a very large class you can get a similar effect by having one horseshoe inside another and using double rows.
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Tables pushed to the walls and just the chairs in a circle. You can sit in the circle with your students. If they need to write at certain times of the lesson they can either go to work at the tables facing the walls around the outside or they can rest a folder on their knees and stay in the circle. The circle formation is great for many games, group discussions, welcoming your students at the beginning of the class, doing the register and really talking to your students. Although many schools still use traditional rows, as you can pack in lots of people in a small space, there are very few advantages for a language teacher.
If students are sitting in twos you have immediate pairs made for pair work but as you will probably want to change the pairs at some point this is only a limited advantage. If you can’t get around behind the students to look at their work it can be really difficult to monitor. Nested tables are obviously great for small group work and project work. It can be difficult to start classes when students are already sitting on small tables as some students will have their backs to you. If possible have the students sit so they’re side on to you and remember to move around the classroom when you need to give instructions or change activities. Surprise your class by popping up at different places around the class. I suggest you try as many classroom layouts as you can to see how you feel most comfortable.
Experiment with the layout if possible. If you really can’t change how your classrooms are set up, then do spend time thinking about how you can vary where your students sit and where you position yourself in the room too. Need a little more help with your professional development? Find a training course for your needs.
Approaches and Methodologies in Teaching English – Do They Leave Space For Spontaneity? A classroom is a learning space, a room in which both children and adults learn. Classrooms are found in educational institutions of all kinds, from preschools to universities, and may also be found in other places where education or training is provided, such as corporations and religious and humanitarian organizations. For lessons that require specific resources or a vocational approach, different types of classrooms both indoors and outdoors are used. This allows for learning in an authentic context that fosters the natural development of the particular vocational skill. Most classrooms have a large writing surface where the instructor or students can share notes with other members of the class.
In the past, schools and institutions would often have one computer lab that served the entire school only at certain times of the week. Computers in the classroom itself increase interest in learning and awareness of the importance of what is being taught. The Classroom of the Future is an education project in the United Kingdom. 13 million to develop around 30 pilot projects.
The buildings have roughly three classrooms in them, which contain enough laptops or tablet computers for each person. The classrooms are designed to be environmentally friendly. Both the facilities and the curriculum of educational institutions can be organized in different models, including the configuration of individual classrooms, clusters, and entire institutions. The layout, design and decor of the classroom has a significant effect upon the quality of the educational experience. Attention to the acoustics and colour scheme may reduce distractions and aid concentration. The lighting and furniture likewise influence factors such as student attention span. A classroom at Hainan Medical College, Haikou City, Hainan, China.
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Historically, relatively few pupil-centric design principles were used in the construction of classrooms. In 19th century Britain, one of the few common considerations was to try and orient new buildings so the class windows faced north as much as possible, while avoiding west or southern facing windows, as in Britain northern light causes less glare. In the design of a classroom, desk arrangements are essential to the decor and design of the classroom followed by seating arrangements for the students. Usually classroom desks are arranged in rows or columns, but there are many more ways to arrange the desks, for example making a circle with the desks so that it’s more of a group discussion or having the desks in a “U” shape for group discussions and easy access for the teacher. The acoustics of the classroom are very often overlooked, but are an important part of the success of a child.
Choosing only materials that cause sound to reverberate, such as tile floors and hard wall surfaces, greatly increases noise levels and can prove detrimental to learning. By utilizing soft surfaces, especially on the floor, the sounds within and outside of the classroom will be diminished, taking away from the distractions facing students and improving not just the test scores of hyperactive children, but those without attention deficit disorder as well. Although carpet is an obvious choice for sound absorption, it may not be suitable for high traffic areas like hallways. In such cases, other sound absorbing materials, such as cork, can be used. Color theory refers to the psychological effects color has on the human body. Red is said to increase both aggression and appetite, a poor combination for a school’s interior.
Yellow increases adrenaline levels and is also undesirable for a school setting. Blue, green, and brown create a relaxing and calming environment, which is a positive for the classroom. Furniture is an important aspect because students spend most of their time seated in the classroom. The furniture should be able to move and easy to arrange to allow students to sit in places that are best suited for their learning styles. Traditionally, classrooms have had one setup: straight rows of desks facing the front of the classroom. The row style allows teachers ample amount of space to walk around.
This makes it easier for teachers to supervise the students work and catch any students that may be misbehaving, insuring that students stay focused. An alternative to the traditional row style desk pavement is to arrange the desks in groups. Phil Beadle, a UK Secondary Teacher of the Year, believes that it is best to arrange the desks in groups of six desks if at all possible. This allows for the most use out of the desk arrangement as you have the ability to utilize groups of two, three, or six students without moving a single chair. This particular desk setup is growing in popularity due to the numerous positive outcomes it provides. The circle desk arrangement facilitates the flow of ideas by fostering positive group dynamics.
When sitting in a circle it is easier for students to not only see who is talking, but to make eye contact with the speaker. Open air classroom for Maasai children in Tanzania. Online learning technologies make it possible for learning to take place at any time, at any place, and at any pace that the learner desires. This is particularly important for adult students who may need to schedule their learning around work and parenting responsibilities. The traditional classroom has also been attacked by advocates of various forms of alternative education. Italian educator Maria Montessori wrote that “Stationary desks and chairs proof that the principle of slavery still informs the school”.
A Natural History of Place in Education. Hard Facts on Smart Classroom Design: Ideas, Guidelines, and Layouts. Passive Solar Schools – A Design Guide, HMSO, pp. Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment. Do Seating Arrangements have an Impact on Student Learning?
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Seating arrangements that promote positive academic and behavioural outcomes: a review of empirical research”. Desk Arrangement Effects On Pupil Classroom Behavior”. 2014 State of the Industry Report: Spending on Employee Training Remains a Priority”. Attention, and Other 21st-Century Social Media Literacies”. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Classrooms.
This page was last edited on 15 April 2018, at 23:35. Here’s What’s Important to Know ! A classroom that is comfortable, friendly and colorful creates a very positive learning and social environment for your students. You finally get your own classroom. You walk around the room your eyes darting everywhere. There are so many class layouts that you are imagining, but it all comes down to what works best for you!
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Stand in the 4 corners of the room and try to picture how everything will look. Draw some of your classroom layout ideas. How many student classroom desks do you need? U shapes, rows but in groups,etc? Will you have any classroom computers? Where will you put the classroom computer tables? Will you have a carpeted area, away from the students’ desks, where you can all come together for classroom meetings,etc.
Parents are split between two answers on this question for second graders.
What other additional classroom furniture such as filing cabinets, bookshelves,working tables will there be? How many classroom bulletin boards will you have? What other classroom display ideas are swimming around in your head? All these questions and many, many more to come.
It’s crucial that you get different perspectives of the room and draw various class layouts and again – remember, it’s what’s best for you and your students. Visit other classrooms in the school and in the same division as you. Don’t be afraid to ask other staff members what worked best for them and why. Also keep in mind that nothing is bolted to the floor. Try out different classroom floor plans and if one’s not working for you and your teaching style, change things around. As I mention on my classroom seating page, I LOVE groups.
It worked best for me and my students and how I taught. A large carpeted area which I utilized for classroom meetings and discussions, playing classroom games, reading aloud. A large round working table used by my students or myself. A comfortable armed chair which only I sat in facing all my students. Occasionally, the caretaker moved my desk from the front to the back of the room. WOW – it sure was a different way of looking at my classroom.
Hopefully by now I’ve provided you with some initial insight into the classroom layout design for your classroom. Comments Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below. My non verbal communication teaching strategies can be very effective in achieving classroom discipline and creating a respectful and positive classroom environment! These strategies should be introduced at the beginning of the year, so that students are aware of them.
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Continue to follow them throughout the year, – you may want to add others or eliminate some, according to the needs of your students and your style of teaching. Here’s a list of assertive discipline strategies that I have used over my many years that helped to establish a positive and successful learning environment. Crossing your arms a lot is seen as a negative stand and could put students on the defensive for no reason. Be aware that your students also communicate their feelings as well as other messages through non verbal cues and signals. Listen to your students’ body language. Eye contact is the most powerful method of non verbal communication between people. Be sure to establish eye contact with your students to gain their trust and make positive impressions.
When there is silence, calmly say “You have just wasted 3,4,5, etc. It is to be made up at recess”. At recess, the students are to sit quietly for the amount of time they wasted and then be dismissed quietly. Hold up your hand to “STOP” students from talking or doing something they shouldn’t be doing.