Ways Blood Can Be Drawn

Ways Blood Can Be Drawn

23rd September 2018OffByRiseNews

47 0 0 0 13 6. The spice boosts satiety, mimics sweetness, and offers antioxidants. Here are more ways Blood Can Be Drawn health benefits of cinnamon, plus 10 delicious ways to use it.

Cinnamon is one of my feel-good foods. The scent reminds me of fall, my favorite time of year, and brings back memories of making apple pies with my mom, and celebrating the holidays. Here are five more potential health benefits of spicing things up! Better heart health In a recent study from Penn State, researchers found that a diet rich in spices, like cinnamon and turmeric, helped curb the negative effects of downing a fatty meal. After a high-fat meal, levels of fats in your blood known as triglycerides rise, and chronically high triglycerides raise the risk of heart disease. Blood sugar regulation In research led by U.

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Department of Agriculture, scientists found that antioxidant-rich cinnamon extract helped reduce risk factors associated with diabetes and heart disease. In the study, 22 obese volunteers with prediabetes were divided randomly into two groups. One was given a placebo, the other a dose of dried water-soluble cinnamon extract twice a day, along with their usual diets. Diabetes protection Cinnamon has been shown to slow stomach emptying, which curbs the sharp rise in blood sugar following meals, and improves the effectiveness, or sensitivity of insulin. A University of Georgia study also found that cinnamon can prevent tissue damage and inflammation caused by high levels of blood sugar. Better brain function Research shows that just smelling cinnamon enhances cognitive processing, but consuming it significantly ups brain function. Scientists at Wheeling Jesuit University asked volunteers to complete computer-based tasks while chewing no gum, plain gum, or gum flavored with cinnamon, peppermint, or jasmine.

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One of the things I love about this spice is how versatile it is. Sprinkle cinnamon into your coffee, or add it to your coffee grounds before brewing. Add a dash or two of cinnamon to hot oatmeal, overnight oats, or cold whole grain cereal. Fold cinnamon into yogurt, along with cooked, chilled quinoa, fresh cut fruit, and nuts or seeds.

Freeze cinnamon in ice cubes to add zest and aroma to water or cocktails. Season roasted or grilled fruit with a sprinkle of cinnamon. Stir cinnamon into almond butter, or any nut or seed butter, and use as a dip for fresh apple or pear wedges or a filling for celery. Add a pinch of cinnamon to lentil or black bean soup, or vegetarian chili. Season roasted cauliflower, sweet potatoes, spaghetti, and butternut squash with a pinch of cinnamon. Sprinkle a little cinnamon onto popped popcorn.

NOTE: While cinnamon is healthful, just be sure not to overdo it. Don’t take cinnamon supplements unless they have been prescribed by your physician, and check out this info from the National Library of Medicine about the potential risks for some of consuming too much cinnamon. What are your thoughts on this topic? HEALTH NEWSLETTERS Get easy recipes, 30-day fitness challenges, videos, and more. All products and services featured are selected by our editors.

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Offers may be subject to change without notice. Please forward this error screen to 69. Blood tests and diagnosing illness: what can blood tell us about what’s happening in our body? Disclosure statement Karen Dwyer does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Victoria State Government provides funding as a strategic partner of The Conversation AU. Deakin University provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU. The Conversation UK receives funding from Hefce, Hefcw, SAGE, SFC, RCUK, The Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, The Royal Society, The Wellcome Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation and The Alliance for Useful Evidence, as well as sixty five university members.

This week we’re running a series in collaboration with the Australian Red Cross Blood Service looking at blood: what it actually does, why we need it, and what happens when something goes wrong. Read other articles in the series here. Doctors have continually sought better ways of determining what is wrong with a patient. When you visit a GP’s office or emergency department with an unknown illness, a doctor will commonly draw some blood to gain a better idea of what’s going on inside your body.

Blood is perhaps the most important window through which we can peer into a person’s health or illness. Oxygenated blood leaves the left side of the heart via the aorta and the arteries – which permeate every tissue in the body – and returns to the right side of the heart via the veins. From the right side of the heart, blood is pumped into the lungs where it is oxygenated, returning to the left side of the heart. In about two tablespoons of blood there’s a lot we can tell about our health. What blood can tell us When someone presents at an emergency department, the initial panel of tests will include a full blood count. Our blood can tell us how many of our organs are functioning.

Ways Blood Can Be Drawn

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Often the results of these tests will trigger further testing. If infection is suspected, blood will be drawn and transferred into a bottle that enables bacteria to grow. Bacteria in the blood is called septicaemia. The identification of the bacteria responsible significantly helps in the management, meaning the right antibiotics can be delivered to the patient. Bruising or excessive bleeding will prompt assessment of platelets and clotting.

Ways Blood Can Be Drawn

Platelets are the first responders to injury, and if they are low or not functioning properly, they will allow bleeding to proceed unchecked. To tell if blood is clotting normally we need an additional teaspoon of blood. These clotting factors are synthesised in the liver, so they can also give us a warning about liver disease. As a kidney specialist, my personal favourite are the electrolytes. Together with a urine test, blood electrolytes can measure someone’s kidney disease from stage one through to five.

As kidney function declines, potassium levels increase in the blood and can reach dangerous levels. A high potassium count can cause a potentially fatal heart arrhythmia. Liver function tests provide information on what the liver is producing and excreting – abnormalities of liver function could mean gall stones or hepatitis. Viral causes of hepatitis, such as Hepatitis B and C, can quickly be checked in the blood. We can also find out how recently the infection was acquired and whether chronic infection persists. Cardiac enzymes in the blood tell us if a patient has had a heart attack.

Ways Blood Can Be Drawn

The enzymes are proteins released from damaged heart muscle, so the higher the level, the greater the damage to the heart. Blood is an incredible window into the workings of the human body. The repertoire of blood tests available to the treating doctor is vast. Other blood tests include screening for autoimmune disease, monitoring the response of cancers to treatment with tumour markers, assessing reproductive function, screening for genetic disorders during pregnancy and diagnosing pregnancy itself. Neurological disease such as stroke, motor neurone disease, Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis aren’t diagnosable from blood tests. Similarly, the diagnoses of depression, schizophrenia, ADHD and autism lack a specific blood diagnostic marker. The huge array of blood tests available to the clinician aid in a rapid diagnosis in many instances.

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But the choice and the interpretation of the test needs to be considered in light of the patient and their presenting symptoms. As the old adage in medicine says: treat the person and not the numbers. Essays on blood: why do we actually have it? Explainer: what’s actually in our blood? Blood groups beyond A, B and O: what are they and do they matter? What can go wrong in the blood?

Your donation helps deliver fact-based journalism. Blood groups beyond A, B and O: what are they and do they matter? Could the US win World War III without using nuclear weapons? Dragon Hall Debates: Who’s afraid of populism? UDHR at 70: Redundant or still relevant? Stay informed and subscribe to our free daily newsletter and get the latest analysis and commentary directly in your inbox. As blood continuously circulates through the body, it performs many vital functions—including carrying oxygen to and waste products from body tissues, helping to fight infection, and maintaining blood vessel integrity.

A low RBC count indicates anemia, low red blood cell count, while a high count carries a risk that the RBCs will clump together and block capillaries. Hemoglobin—the iron-containing pigment that gives RBCs their red color—is a protein that enables the RBCs to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide. The total hemoglobin test estimates the amount of hemoglobin in the blood, and gives an idea of the blood’s ability to carry oxygen. Though not part of a CBC, a laboratory technique called electrophoresis may be used to detect the presence of abnormal hemoglobins, which often do not work as well as normal ones.

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RBCs take up in the blood—is determined by measuring the volume of RBCs after a blood sample is spun in a centrifuge. Values are given as a percentage of the blood that is red cells. Red blood cell indices incorporate the results of the RBC count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit tests to provide further information about the size, hemoglobin concentration, and hemoglobin content of an average RBC. These values help to categorize different types of anemia.

Reticulocyte count measures the number of newly formed RBCs, or reticulocytes, in the blood and gives an idea of RBC production by the bone marrow. This value is expressed as a percentage of the total RBC count. This test helps to distinguish between different types of anemias, or to monitor treatment for anemia. These cells—which fight infection and promote wound healing—are drawn to sites of infection and inflammation, where they engulf and digest invaders such as bacteria and other microorganisms or foreign bodies. White blood cell differential measures the proportion of the various types of WBCs in the blood as well as their structure. There are five different kinds of WBCs that respond in varying degrees to the presence of infection or inflammation.

This test helps to determine the severity of an infection, suggests the type of organism responsible, and also provides important information about the immune system. Platelet count is an estimate of the number of platelets in the blood. Platelets, or thrombocytes, are blood cells that clump together, or aggregate, at sites of blood vessel injury and work together with various clotting factors to promote the formation of blood clots. This process, called coagulation, is essential to stop bleeding and repair tissue injuries. Blood smear is a test that involves spreading blood on a slide which is then stained with a special dye and examined under a microscope.

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This test can provide additional diagnostic information to a CBC by identifying changes in cell color, size, and shape and the type of cells in circulation, as well as the presence of cell inclusions. Inform your doctor of any medications you regularly take. You may be asked to discontinue certain of these agents before the test. A needle with an attached tube is inserted into a vein, usually in the bend of the elbow or the top of the hand. Once the blood sample is obtained, the needle is withdrawn, a bandage is placed over the puncture site and firm pressure is applied until the bleeding stops.

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CBC takes less than five minutes. Resume your normal activities and any medications withheld before the test. 24 hours, use warm, moist compresses to help dissolve the clotted blood. The doctor will review the results—and consider them along with your symptoms, your physical exam, and the results of other tests—for evidence of a blood disorder or another problem.

A CBC is often used as an initial test to indicate potential health problems. Abnormal results may necessitate additional tests, such as a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, to establish a definitive diagnosis. If an abnormality is found and the doctor can make a definitive diagnosis, appropriate treatment will begin. Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at Healthcommunities. Copyright 2018 Remedy Health Media, LLC.

The content on this website is provided for educational purposes only. Use of this site is subject to the policies and terms of use. Cursed items are any magic items with some sort of potentially negative impact on the user. Occasionally they mix bad with good, forcing characters to make difficult choices. Cursed items are almost never made intentionally. Instead they are the result of rushed work, inexperienced crafters, or a lack of proper components.

While many of these items still have functions, they either do not work as intended or come with serious drawbacks. Identifying Cursed Items: Cursed items are identified like any other magic item with one exception: unless the check made to identify the item exceeds the DC by 10 or more, the curse is not detected. If the check is not made by 10 or more, but still succeeds, all that is revealed is the magic item’s original intent. If the item is known to be cursed, the nature of the curse can be determined using the standard DC to identify the item. Removing Cursed Items: While some cursed items can be simply discarded, others force a compulsion upon the user to keep the item, no matter the costs. Others reappear even if discarded or are impossible to throw away.

These items can only be discarded after the character or item is targeted by a remove curse or similar magic. Ancient bric-a-brac that appears to be a genuine artifact could be valueless junk held together by magic. More sinister, however, are deliberately cursed objects intended to visit vengeance upon their buyers or return some great wealth to their creators. Some items are crafted to function for a limited time, convincing a buyer of their authenticity. By the time the curse manifests and the buyers realize they have been cheated, the seller is long gone.

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Many cursed relics differentiate the item’s creator from its owner. Intentionally crafting cursed items requires the same item creation feats and skill checks as does crafting a normal item of that type, but in addition to such requirements, intentionally cursed items require bestow curse or major curse as a spell prerequisites. Drawbacks and Requirements: Cost isn’t reduced for cosmetic drawbacks or requirements with no direct game effects. Buyers must always beware of deals too good to be true, though, as curses ancient and insidious await.

Most cursed items are created by accident, when the crafting process goes horribly wrong. However, some devious crafters create such items on purpose—either to deceive and discomfit others or because the cursed effect is somehow useful. The following are some of the most common cursed item effects. GMs should feel free to invent new cursed item effects to fit specific items. Delusion The user believes the item is what it appears to be, yet it actually has no magical power other than to deceive.

The user is mentally fooled into thinking the item is functioning and cannot be convinced otherwise without the casting of remove curse. Opposite Effect or Target These cursed items malfunction, so that either they do the opposite of what the creator intended, or they target the user instead of someone else. The interesting point to keep in mind here is that these items aren’t always bad to have. Opposite-effect items include weapons that impose penalties on attack and damage rolls rather than bonuses. Intermittent Functioning The three varieties of intermittent functioning items all function perfectly as intended—at least some of the time.

Ways Blood Can Be Drawn