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Get your People daily dose Subscribe to the daily newsletter for the latest celebrity news. All products featured were editorially selected. Please forward this error screen to 67. Please forward this error screen to sharedip-132148103163. English changes all the time, often in subtle ways—so it’s not surprising that we’ve lost many delightful words and phrases along the way. ASTROLOGAMAGE The medieval era’s Miss Cleos, these so-called wise men made predictions based on what was happening in the sky. CRAPULENCE This word, from the Latin root crapula, arose in the 18th century.
21. Play with dirt
Put another way: If you get crunk, expect crapulence. EYE-SERVANT A term describing a servant who did his duty only lazily except when within sight of his master, “a form of insincerity known as ‘eye-service,'” Kacirk notes. Replace servant with employee and master with boss, and you could probably know a few people to whom this term would apply. Flitterwochen is, obviously, a much better word.
FRIBBLER Though this term comes from the 18th century, chances are you know a fribbler. He says he’s really into a lady, but just won’t commit. The behavior of a fribbler was called fribbledom, by the way. GROANING-CHEESE Back in the day, husbands didn’t just hold their wives’ hands during childbirth—they gave them the medieval version of an epidural: Cheese. Groaning-cheese was said to soothe a lady in labor, and so husbands paired it with groaning-cake and groaning-drink.
GROG-BLOSSOM A word from the 18th century for the dilation of blood vessels—caused by long-term overconsumption of the drink—in an alcoholic’s nose. After the patient’s head was shaved, the cap was filled with herbs and placed on his head, supposedly curing him of ailments like headaches and insomnia. MUMPSIMUS This Middle English word originally meant “an incorrigible, dogmatic old pedant,” but eventually came to refer to an incorrect opinion that someone clung to. According to Kacirk, the word originated with an illiterate 15th century clergyman, who incorrectly copied the Latin word sumpsimus and read it in mass. NIGHT-HAG If people living from medieval times up until the 19th century had a bad dream, they could blame it on a night-hag.
NIMGIMMER A 17th century term for a surgeon who specialized in curing pox or the clap. NUMBLES This Anglo-Saxon word, taken from Old French, refers to animal intestines and internal organs, which were eaten by peasants in a dish called garbage pye. PETTY-FOGGER From the the 16th to 19th centuries, people would have called lawyers like Breaking Bad’s Saul Goodman petty-foggers. Use it next Valentine’s Day and see what happens.
PILGARLIK A 16th century word for a bald head, which apparently resembled peeled garlic. RATTONER Nobody wants to say that the exterminator is coming over. Use this 14th century term—taken from the Old French word raton and the Medieval Latin word ratonis, which both refer to rats, according to Kacirk—instead. Let’s celebrate with some of the actor’s wit and wisdom. ON ADVICE “I hate advice unless I’m giving it.
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I hate giving advice, because people won’t take it. ON REGRETS “Not that I can think of. I’m sure there are some, but my mind doesn’t go there. When you look at life retrospectively you rarely regret anything that you did, but you might regret things that you didn’t do. I think about death all the time. Back in the days when I thought of myself as a serious academic writer, I used to think that the only real theme was a fear of death, and that all the other themes were just that same fear, translated into fear of closeness, fear of loneliness, fear of dissolving values. Then I heard old John Huston talking about death.
ON NERVES ”There’s a period of time just before you start a movie when you start thinking, I don’t know what in the world I’m going to do. In my case, though, this is over by lunch the first day of shooting. ON ACTING “Almost anyone can give a good representative performance when you’re unknown. The real pro game of acting is after you’re known—to ‘un-Jack’ that character, in my case, and get the audience to reinvest in a new and specific, fictional person. ON MARRIAGE “I never had a policy about marriage.
What can you do?”
I got married very young in life and I always think in all relationships, I’ve always thought that it’s counterproductive to have a theory on that. It’s hard enough to get to know yourself and as most of you have probably found, once you get to know two people in tandem it’s even more difficult. You only lie to two people in your life: your girlfriend and the police. Everybody else you tell the truth to. A long time ago, the Middle American in me may have thought it was a bit affected maybe. But the light is very strong in southern California.
And once you’ve experienced negative territory in public life, you begin to accept the notion of shields. I am a person who is trained to look other people in the eye. ON MISCONCEPTIONS “I think people think I’m more physical than I am, I suppose. Of course, I have a temper, but that’s sort of blown out of proportion.
(viii) Growth is a Product of the Interaction both Heredity and Environment:
ON DIRECTING “I’m a different person when suddenly it’s my responsibility. I’m not very inhibited in that way. I would show up one day, and we’d scouted an orange grove and it had been cut down. You’re out in the middle of nowhere and they forget to cast an actor. These are the sort of things I kind of like about directing. Of course, at the time you blow your stack a little bit.
You’ve got to get something on there. ON ROGER CORMAN “There’s nobody in there, that he didn’t, in the most important way support. He was my life blood to whatever I thought I was going to be as a person. And I hope he knows that this is not all hot air. ON PLAYING THE JOKER “This would be the character, whose core—while totally determinate of the part—was the least limiting of any I would ever encounter. This is a more literary way of approaching than I might have had as a kid reading the comics, but you have to get specific. He’s not wired up the same way.
This guy has survived nuclear waste immersion here. Even in my own life, people have said, ‘There’s nothing sacred to you in the area of humor, Jack. ON BASKETBALL “I’ve always thought basketball was the best sport, although it wasn’t the sport I was best at. It was just the most fun to watch. Even as a kid it appealed to me. The basketball players were out at night.
There was this certain nighttime juvenile-delinquent thing about it that got your blood going. In February 2017, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Sapphire Jubilee, marking her 65-year reign as Queen of England. SHE WASN’T BORN AN HEIR APPARENT TO THE THRONE. For the first 10 years of her life, Princess Elizabeth was a relatively minor royal—her status was akin to Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie of York today—but that all changed with the death of her grandfather, King George V, in 1936.
The next in the line of royal succession was Elizabeth’s uncle, Edward VIII, who abdicated the throne less than a year after taking it so that he could marry an American socialite named Wallis Simpson. HER YOUNGER SISTER GAVE HER A FAMILY NICKNAME. Princesses Margaret and Elizabeth in 1933. Elizabeth and Margaret were the only children of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother and King George VI, who said of his daughters: “Lilibet is my pride, Margaret my joy.
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Margaret at Waterloo Station, London, 1939. Heirs apparent don’t just show up to primary school like normal kids. BUT SHE AND MARGARET TECHNICALLY DID HAVE A TEACHER. Just because she didn’t attend school doesn’t mean that Elizabeth didn’t receive an education. She received the bulk of it through her nanny, Marion Crawford, who the royal family referred to as “Crawfie.
SHE WANTED TO GO TO WAR, BUT WAS TOO YOUNG. Queen consort Elizabeth holds Princess Margaret’s hand as Princess Elizabeth follows, in 1936. When World War II broke out in 1939, Elizabeth—then just a teenager—begged her father to join the effort somehow. She started out by making radio broadcasts geared toward raising the morale of British children. During one of the broadcasts, the 14-year-old princess reassured listeners, “I can truthfully say to you all that we children at home are full of cheerfulness and courage.
SHE EVENTUALLY SERVED IN WORLD WAR II. Princess Elizabeth changing the tire of a vehicle as she trains at as ATS Officer during World War II in April 1945. Despite the risks, Elizabeth eventually joined the women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service and trained as a truck driver and mechanic in 1945, when she was 18 years old. Queen Elizabeth remains the only female royal family member to have entered the armed forces, and is currently the only living head of state who officially served in World War II. SHE CELEBRATED THE END OF THE WAR BY PARTYING LIKE HER SUBJECTS.
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Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret in 1947. When then-Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that the war in Europe was over on May 8, 1945, people poured out into the streets of London to celebrate—including Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret. The sheltered duo were allowed to sneak out of Buckingham Palace to join the revelers at their father’s behest. It was a unique burst of personal freedom,” recalled Margaret Rhodes, their cousin who went with them, “a Cinderella moment in reverse. Then-Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip, following their wedding ceremony in November 1947. ELIZABETH AND HER HUSBAND HAVE KNOWN EACH OTHER SINCE CHILDHOOD.
Philip, son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg, first met Elizabeth when she was only eight years old and he was 14. Five years later the pair met again when George VI brought Elizabeth to tour the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth, where Philip was a cadet. In a personal note, Elizabeth recalled falling for the young soldier-in-the-making: “I was 13 years of age and he was 18 and a cadet just due to leave. SHE DIDN’T TELL HER PARENTS SHE WAS GETTING HITCHED. In 1946, Philip proposed to Elizabeth when the former planned a month-long visit to Balmoral, her royal estate in Scotland.
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She accepted the proposal without even contacting her parents. But when George VI finally caught wind of the pending nuptials he would only officially approve if they waited to announce the engagement until after her 21st birthday. The official public announcement of the engagement finally came nearly a year later on July 9, 1947. SHE HAS A VERY ROYAL NAME.
She’s the second British monarch named Elizabeth, but Elizabeth II wasn’t named after Henry VIII’s famous progeny. Queen Elizabeth II’s birth name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, after the names of her mother, Elizabeth, her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra, and her paternal grandmother, Queen Mary. SHE GOT TO CHOOSE HER OWN SURNAME. Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip with two of their children, Prince Charles and Princess Anne, circa 1951.
Technically, the Queen’s last name is “Windsor,” which was first chosen by George V in 1917 after the royal family wanted to distance themselves from “Saxe-Coburg-Gotha”—the dynasty to which they belonged—for sounding too Germanic during World War I. But as a way to distinguish themselves from the rest of the royal family, in 1960 Elizabeth and Philip adopted the official surname Windsor-Mountbatten. Fans will surely remember that the surname drama was briefly discussed in Netflix’s series The Crown. Princess Elizabeth just before her 21st birthday in April 1947. Like most British monarchs, Elizabeth gets to celebrate her birthday twice, and the reason why boils down to seasonably appropriate pomp and circumstance. She was born on April 21, 1926, but April was deemed too cold and liable to fall during inclement weather. So instead, her official state-recognized birthday occurs on a Saturday in late May or June, so that the celebration can be held during warmer months.
The specific date varies year to year in the UK, and usually coincides with Trooping the Colour, Britain’s annual military pageant. HER CORONATION WAS TELEVISED AGAINST HER WISHES. Elizabeth officially ascended to the throne at just 25 years of age when her father, George VI, died on February 6, 1952. Elizabeth was in Kenya at the time of his death and returned home as her country’s Queen. As fans of The Crown will remember, the hubbub surrounding her coronation was filled with ample amounts of drama.
The notoriously camera-shy Elizabeth—who didn’t even allow photos to be taken of her wedding—didn’t want the event televised, and others believed that broadcasting the coronation to commoners would break down upper-class traditions of only allowing members of British high society to witness the event. SHE PAID FOR HER WEDDING DRESS USING WAR RATION COUPONS. A 1947 sketch of Princess Elizabeth’s wedding dress by Norman Hartnell. Still reeling from an atmosphere of post-war austerity, Elizabeth used ration coupons and a 200-coupon supplement from the government to pay for her wedding dress. 10,000 imported seed pearls, took six months to make, and sported a 13-foot train. SHE DOESN’T NEED A PASSPORT TO TRAVEL.
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Queen Elizabeth II in Nuku’alofa, Tonga in December 1953. Elizabeth II is the world’s most well-traveled head of state, visiting 116 countries between 265 official state visits, but she doesn’t even own a passport. SHE DOESN’T NEED A DRIVER’S LICENSE EITHER. Queen Elizabeth II drives a car in 1958. It’s not just because she has a fleet of chauffeurs. Britain also officially issues driver’s licenses in Elizabeth’s name, so don’t expect her to show off her ID when she gets pulled over taking other heads of state for a spin in her Range Rover.
Sir Sherard Cowper-Coles, former British ambassador to Saudi Arabia, recounted to The Sunday Times the time when Elizabeth drove former Saudi crown prince Abdullah around the grounds of Balmoral: “To his surprise, the Queen climbed into the driving seat, turned the ignition and drove off,” he said. Queen Elizabeth has voluntarily paid income and capital gains taxes since 1992, but has always been subject to Value Added Tax. Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II rides a horse side saddle and salutes during a Trooping of the Colour ceremony in London in 1952. During the 1981 Trooping the Colour, the Queen led a royal procession on horseback down the Mall toward Buckingham Palace when shots rang out.
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A 17-year-old named Marcus Sarjeant, who was obsessed with the assassinations of figures like John Lennon and John F. Kennedy, fired a series of blanks toward Elizabeth. SHE ALSO SURVIVED AN INTRUDER COMING INTO HER BEDROOM. Queen Elizabeth II in Australia in 1954. A year after the Trooping the Colour incident, Elizabeth had another run-in. But instead of near Buckingham Palace, this time it was inside Buckingham Palace. On July 9, 1982, a man named Michael Fagen managed to climb over the Palace’s barbed wire fence, shimmy up a drain pipe, and eventually sneak into the Queen’s bedroom.
SHE TECHNICALLY OWNS ALL THE DOLPHINS IN THE UK. The HMAS Vengeance seen from a helicopter, as the Australian Naval crew spell out the signature of Queen Elizabeth II on the deck, in 1954. In addition to owning all of the country’s dolphins, she owns all the sturgeon and whales, too. As the song goes, “Rule, Britannia! SHE HAS HER OWN SPECIAL MONEY TO GIVE TO THE POOR.
Queen Elizabeth II hands out maundy money in 2004. Known as “maundy money,” the Queen has silver coins—currently with Elizabeth’s likeness on the front—that are given to pensioners in a ceremony called Maundy Thursday. The royal custom dates back to the 13th century, in which the royal family was expected to wash the feet of and distribute gifts to penniless subjects as a symbolic gesture to honor Jesus’s act of washing the feet of the poor in the Bible. GIN IS HER DRINK OF CHOICE.