12 St Patricks Day Books for Children
This 12 St Patricks Day Books for Children the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 21 April 2018. For the Bing Crosby album, see St. For The Office episode, see St. Patrick was a 5th-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.
Much of what is known about Saint Patrick comes from the Declaration, which was allegedly written by Patrick himself. It is believed that he was born in Roman Britain in the fourth century, into a wealthy Romano-British family. According to tradition, Patrick returned to Ireland to convert the pagan Irish to Christianity. The Declaration says that he spent many years evangelising in the northern half of Ireland and converted “thousands”.
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Tradition holds that he died on 17 March and was buried at Downpatrick. Over the following centuries, many legends grew up around Patrick and he became Ireland’s foremost saint. According to legend, Saint Patrick used the three-leaved shamrock to explain the Holy Trinity to Irish pagans. Today’s St Patrick’s Day celebrations have been greatly influenced by those that developed among the Irish diaspora, especially in North America. Until the late 20th century, St Patrick’s Day was often a bigger celebration among the diaspora than it was in Ireland.
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There are also formal gatherings such as banquets and dances, although these were more common in the past. On St Patrick’s Day, it is customary to wear shamrocks, green clothing or green accessories. St Patrick is said to have used the shamrock, a three-leaved plant, to explain the Holy Trinity to the pagan Irish. The wearing of the ‘St Patrick’s Day Cross’ was also a popular custom in Ireland until the early 20th century. These were a Celtic Christian cross made of paper that was “covered with silk or ribbon of different colours, and a bunch or rosette of green silk in the centre”. Saint Patrick’s feast day, as a kind of national day, was already being celebrated by the Irish in Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries.
In later times, he became more and more widely seen as the patron of Ireland. In 1903, St Patrick’s Day became an official public holiday in Ireland. Act 1903, an act of the United Kingdom Parliament introduced by Irish Member of Parliament James O’Mara. The first St Patrick’s Day parade in Ireland was held in Waterford in 1903.
The week of St Patrick’s Day 1903 had been declared Irish Language Week by the Gaelic League and in Waterford they opted to have a procession on Sunday 15 March. On St Patrick’s Day 1916, the Irish Volunteers—an Irish nationalist paramilitary organisation—held parades throughout Ireland. The authorities recorded 38 St Patrick’s Day parades, involving 6,000 marchers, almost half of whom were said to be armed. The first official, state-sponsored St Patrick’s Day parade in Dublin took place in 1931. In Northern Ireland, the celebration of St Patrick’s Day was affected by sectarian divisions.
In the mid-1990s the government of the Republic of Ireland began a campaign to use St Patrick’s Day to showcase Ireland and its culture. To project, internationally, an accurate image of Ireland as a creative, professional and sophisticated country with wide appeal. The first St Patrick’s Festival was held on 17 March 1996. In 1997, it became a three-day event, and by 2000 it was a four-day event. 675,000 people attended the 2009 parade. Overall 2009’s five-day festival saw almost 1 million visitors, who took part in festivities that included concerts, outdoor theatre performances, and fireworks. The topic of the 2004 St Patrick’s Symposium was “Talking Irish”, during which the nature of Irish identity, economic success, and the future were discussed.
Since 1996, there has been a greater emphasis on celebrating and projecting a fluid and inclusive notion of “Irishness” rather than an identity based around traditional religious or ethnic allegiance. Christian leaders in Ireland have expressed concern about the secularisation of St Patrick’s Day. In The Word magazine’s March 2007 issue, Fr Vincent Twomey wrote, “It is time to reclaim St Patrick’s Day as a church festival”. He questioned the need for “mindless alcohol-fuelled revelry” and concluded that “it is time to bring the piety and the fun together”. As well as Dublin, many other cities, towns, and villages in Ireland hold their own parades and festivals, including Cork, Belfast, Derry, Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick, and Waterford.
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The biggest celebrations outside the cities are in Downpatrick, County Down, where Saint Patrick is said to be buried. Patrick’s Day parade in the world formerly took place in Dripsey, County Cork. 4 metres and traveled between the village’s two pubs. St Patrick’s Day parade at Trafalgar Square in London.
In England, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother used to present bowls of shamrock flown over from Ireland to members of the Irish Guards, a regiment in the British Army. The Irish Guards still wear shamrock on this day, flown in from Ireland. Christian denominations in Great Britain observing his feast day include The Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church. Horse racing at the Cheltenham Festival attracts large numbers of Irish people, both residents of Britain and many who travel from Ireland, and usually coincides with St Patrick’s Day.
The organisers describe it as the third biggest parade in the world after Dublin and New York. London, since 2002, has had an annual St Patrick’s Day parade which takes place on weekends around the 17th, usually in Trafalgar Square. In 2008 the water in the Trafalgar Square fountains was dyed green. Liverpool has the highest proportion of residents with Irish ancestry of any English city. This has led to a long-standing celebration on St Patrick’s Day in terms of music, cultural events and the parade. Manchester hosts a two-week Irish festival in the weeks prior to St Patrick’s Day.
The festival includes an Irish Market based at the city’s town hall which flies the Irish tricolour opposite the Union Flag, a large parade as well as a large number of cultural and learning events throughout the two-week period. The first Saint Patrick’s Day celebrations in Malta took place in the early 20th century by soldiers of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who were stationed in Floriana. Celebrations were held in the Balzunetta area of the town, which contained a number of bars and was located close to the barracks. The Irish diaspora in Malta continued to celebrate the feast annually.
Today, Saint Patrick’s Day is mainly celebrated in Spinola Bay and Paceville areas of St Julian’s, although other celebrations still occur at Floriana and other locations. Moscow hosts an annual Saint Patrick’s Day festival. The first St Patrick’s Day parade took place in Russia in 1992. Since 1999, there has been a yearly “Saint Patrick’s Day” festival in Moscow and other Russian cities. The official part of the Moscow parade is a military-style parade and is held in collaboration with the Moscow government and the Irish embassy in Moscow. In 2017, the Russian Orthodox Church added the feast day of Saint Patrick to its liturgical calendar, to be celebrated on 30 March .
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Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a large Irish expatriate community. Patrick’s Day festival celebration in Coatbridge, Scotland. Irish immigration during the 19th century. This immigration was the main cause in raising the population of Glasgow by over 100,000 people.
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Due to this large Irish population, there are many Irish-themed pubs and Irish interest groups who hold yearly celebrations on St Patrick’s day in Glasgow. While Saint Patrick’s Day in Switzerland is commonly celebrated on 17 March with festivities similar to those in neighbouring central European countries, it is not unusual for Swiss students to organise celebrations in their own living spaces on St Patrick’s Eve. Most popular are usually those in Zurich’s Kreis 4. Traditionally, guests also contribute with beverages and dress in green. St Patrick’s parades are now held in many locations across Japan. The Irish Association of Korea has celebrated Saint Patrick’s Day since 1976 in Seoul, the capital city of South Korea.
The place of the parade and festival has been moved from Itaewon and Daehangno to Cheonggyecheon. In Malaysia, the St Patrick’s Society of Selangor, founded in 1925, organises a yearly St Patrick’s Ball, described as the biggest St Patrick’s Day celebration in Asia. The tiny island of Montserrat is known as the “Emerald Island of the Caribbean” because of its founding by Irish refugees from Saint Kitts and Nevis. Astronauts on board the International Space Station have celebrated the festival in different ways. Chris Hadfield took photographs of Ireland from earth orbit, and a picture of himself wearing green clothing in the space station, and posted them online on Saint Patrick’s Day in 2013.
He also posted online a recording of himself singing “Danny Boy” in space. Montreal hosts one of the longest-running and largest St Patrick’s Day parades in North America. One of the longest-running and largest St Patrick’s Day parades in North America occurs each year in Montreal, whose city flag includes a shamrock in its lower-right quadrant. In Saint John, New Brunswick St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated as a week-long celebration. Shortly after the JP Collins Celtic Festival is an Irish festival celebrating Saint John’s Irish heritage. In Manitoba, the Irish Association of Manitoba runs a yearly three-day festival of music and culture based around St Patrick’s Day.
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This event, which includes a parade, occurs each year during the weekend nearest St Patrick’s Day. In Quebec City, there was a parade from 1837 to 1926. The Quebec City St-Patrick Parade returned in 2010 after more than 84 years. For the occasion, a portion of the New York Police Department Pipes and Drums were present as special guests. There has been a parade held in Toronto since at least 1863. There is a large parade in the city’s downtown on the Sunday before 17 March which attracts over 100,000 spectators.
The Toronto Maple Leafs hockey team was known as the Toronto St. Patricks from 1919 to 1927, and wore green jerseys. In 1999, when the Maple Leafs played on St Patrick’s Day, they wore green St Patrick’s retro uniforms. Some groups, notably Guinness, have lobbied to make Saint Patrick’s Day a national holiday.
In March 2009, the Calgary Tower changed its top exterior lights to new green CFL bulbs just in time for St Patrick’s Day. Approximately 210 lights were changed in time for Saint Patrick’s Day, and resembled a Leprechaun’s hat. They dye the river green in Chicago, Illinois. St Patrick’s Day, while not a legal holiday in the United States, is nonetheless widely recognised and observed throughout the country as a celebration of Irish and Irish-American culture. Celebrations include prominent displays of the colour green, religious observances, numerous parades, and copious consumption of alcohol. Celebrations in Buenos Aires centre on Reconquista street.
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2006, there were 50,000 people in this street and the pubs nearby. In recent decades, St Patrick’s Day celebrations have been criticised, particularly for their association with public drunkenness and disorderly conduct. St Patrick’s Day celebrations have also been criticised for fostering demeaning stereotypes of Ireland and Irish people. Irish culture, claim Irish identity, and enact Irish stereotypes. LGBT groups in the US were banned from marching in St. Traditionally the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship and All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship are held on Saint Patrick’s Day in Croke Park, Dublin.
The Leinster Schools Rugby Senior Cup, Munster Schools Rugby Senior Cup and Ulster Schools Senior Cup are held on Saint Patrick’s Day. The Saint Patrick’s Day Test is an international rugby league tournament that is played between the US and Ireland. The major professional sports leagues of the United States and Canada that play during March often wear special third jerseys to acknowledge the holiday. One Irish creative agency is leading the charge against ‘St. That’s the thinking behind the No More Patty Google Chrome extension, created by Dublin-based creative agency In the Company of Huskies. The extension can be installed in a few clicks, and automatically replaces every online mention of the “very wrong” ‘Patty’ with the “absolutely right” ‘Paddy’. Why Some Irish People Don’t Want You to Call It St.
Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Circles of Tradition: Folk Arts in Minnesota. In nineteenth-century America it became a celebration of Irishness more than a religious occasion, though attending Mass continues as an essential part of the day. The religious occasion did involve the wearing of shamrocks, an Irish symbol of the Holy Trinity, and the lifting of Lenten restrictions on drinking.
Shamrocks, Harps, and Shillelaghs: The Story of the St. For most Irish-Americans, this holiday is partially religious but overwhelmingly festive. For most Irish people in Ireland the day has little to do with religion at all. Patrick’s Day church services are followed by parades and parties, the latter being the best attended. The festivities are marked by Irish music, songs, and dances. Like many other forms of carnival, St. Patrick’s Day is a feast day, a break from Lent in which adherents are allowed to temporarily abandon rigorous fasting by indulging in the forbidden.
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Since alcohol is often proscribed during Lent the copious consumption of alcohol is seen as an integral part of St. Communion of Immigrants: A History of Catholics in America. Easter is known as Lent, a time of prayer and fasting. Pastors of Irish- American parishes often supplied “dispensations” for St. Patrick s Day, enabling parishioners to forego Lenten sacrifices in order to celebrate the feast of their patron saint.
Christian Classics Ethereal Library at Calvin College. All Around the Year: Holidays and Celebrations in American Life. The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore. The Art of the Sublime: Principles of Christian Art and Architecture. Myths and Legends of the Celts. Lebor Gabála Érenn: The Book of the Taking of Ireland. Dublin: Irish Texts Society by the Educational Co.
The Fundamental Laws, Statutes and Constitutions of the Ancient Order of the Friendly Brothers of Saint Patrick. Archived from the original on 7 March 2010. Patrick’s World, The Christian Culture of Ireland’s Apostolic Age. Patrick’s Day, Catholic Church march to different drummers”. Pat’s Day Mass allowed in Holy Week”. Munster Express, 21 March 1903, p. The Color Green in Ireland: Ecological Mythology and the Recycling of Identity”.
Environmental Issues in Political Discourse in Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original on 7 August 2006. Patrick’s Festival was established by the Government of Ireland in November 1995″. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. In pictures: St Patrick’s Day around the world”. In England, the 1st Battalion Irish Guards marched in a St Patrick’s Day parade held at the Victoria Barracks in Windsor. Lives of the Saints: From Mary and St.
Francis of Assisi to John XXIII and Mother Teresa. The most famous church in the United States is dedicated to him, St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated by people of all ethnic backgrounds by the wearing of green and parades. His feast, which is on the General Roman Calendar, has been given as March 17 in liturgical calendars and martyrologies. The day the world turns green”.