Hanukkah The festival of lights is here. Light the menorah, play with the dreidel and feast on chanukah Songs and sufganiyots.
Hanukkah calls for a celebration with your friends, family and loved ones. A Big And Warm Hanukkah Hug! Celebrate the festival of lights with friends and loved ones. Play with the dreidel and have lots of fun. Reach out to all your near and dear ones to share with them the blessings on this auspicious occasion.
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Wish your near and dear ones happiness and good health with this bright Hanukkah ecard. Wish friends, family and loved ones a happy Hanukkah with this ecard. Send your warm wishes for happiness, love and peace on Hanukkah and always. Send this hug to wish lots of joy, warmth and smiles this Hanukkah. Send your warm blessings on this special occasion of Hanukkah! A bright Hanukkah ecard for all your loved ones.
Send this ecard to wish that Hanukkah brings health, wealth, happiness and prosperity. Wish Happy Hanukkah and usher in a Happy New Year with this classy ecard! A fun game card for all your loved ones on Hanukkah. A soulful Hanukkah ecard for someone in your family who is far away from you. Get a weekly dose of stories on friendship, love, misadventures and special offers. It’s free, read it once and you’re hooked! Significance The Maccabees successfully rebelled against Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
Singing special songs, such as Ma’oz Tzur. Eating foods fried in oil, such as latkes and sufganiyot, and dairy foods. Related to Purim, as a rabbinically decreed holiday. One branch is typically placed above or below the others and its candle is used to light the other eight candles.
Each night, one additional candle is lit by the shamash until all eight candles are lit together on the final night of the holiday. Other Hanukkah festivities include playing dreidel and eating oil-based foods such as doughnuts and latkes. On Hanukkah, the Maccabean Jews regained control of Jerusalem and rededicated the Temple. Jews ceased fighting on the 25th day of Kislev, the day on which the holiday begins. Eight candles, and the halakha is like the House of Hillel”. This is a reference to the disagreement between two rabbinical schools of thought — the House of Hillel and the House of Shammai — on the proper order in which to light the Hanukkah flames. The story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees, which describe in detail the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem and the lighting of the menorah.
Rav Nissim Gaon postulates in his Hakdamah Le’mafteach Hatalmud that information on the holiday was so commonplace that the Mishna felt no need to explain it. Shabbat, page 21b, focuses on Shabbat candles and moves to Hanukkah candles and says that after the forces of Antiochus IV had been driven from the Temple, the Maccabees discovered that almost all of the ritual olive oil had been profaned. The most preferred practice is to vary the number of lights each night. Except in times of danger, the lights were to be placed outside one’s door, on the opposite side of the mezuza, or in the window closest to the street. Rashi, in a note to Shabbat 21b, says their purpose is to publicize the miracle. The blessings for Hanukkah lights are discussed in tractate Succah, p.
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God, and delighted them by hymns and psalms. The story of Hanukkah is alluded to in the book of 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees. 4:59, though the name of the festival and the miracle of the lights do not appear here. Another source is the Megillat Antiochus. Hebrew version is a literal translation from the Aramaic original.
After this, the sons of Israel went up to the Temple and rebuilt its gates and purified the Temple from the dead bodies and from the defilement. And they sought after pure olive oil to light the lamps therewith, but could not find any, except one bowl that was sealed with the signet ring of the High Priest from the days of Samuel the prophet and they knew that it was pure. The king being thereto disposed beforehand, complied with them, and came upon the Jews with a great army, and took their city by force, and slew a great multitude of those that favored Ptolemy, and sent out his soldiers to plunder them without mercy. He also spoiled the temple, and put a stop to the constant practice of offering a daily sacrifice of expiation for three years and six months. When the Second Temple in Jerusalem was looted and services stopped, Judaism was outlawed.
In 167 BCE, Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. Antiochus’s actions provoked a large-scale revolt. The version of the story in 1 Maccabees states that an eight-day celebration of songs and sacrifices was proclaimed upon re-dedication of the altar, and makes no specific mention of the miracle of the oil. Some modern scholars argue that the king was intervening in an internal civil war between the Maccabean Jews and the Hellenized Jews in Jerusalem. Aramaic names like Onias contesting with Hellenizing High Priests with Greek names like Jason and Menelaus. What began in many respects as a civil war escalated when the Hellenistic kingdom of Syria sided with the Hellenizing Jews in their conflict with the traditionalists. As the conflict escalated, Antiochus took the side of the Hellenizers by prohibiting the religious practices the traditionalists had rallied around.
The miracle of the oil is widely regarded as a legend and its authenticity has been questioned since the Middle Ages. Ptolemy V from Judea and Samaria. 168 BCE: Under the reign of Antiochus IV, the second Temple is looted, Jews are massacred, and Judaism is outlawed. 167 BCE: Antiochus orders an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. 166 BCE: Mattathias dies, and Judah takes his place as leader. 142 BCE: Re-establishment of the Second Jewish Commonwealth. The Seleucid kings have a formal overlordship, which the Hasmoneans acknowledged.
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This inaugurates a period of population growth and religious, cultural and social development. 139 BCE: The Roman Senate recognizes Jewish autonomy. 134 BCE: Antiochus VII Sidetes besieges Jerusalem. The Jews under John Hyrcanus become Seleucid vassals but retain religious autonomy. 96 BCE: Beginning of an eight-year civil war between Sadducee king Alexander Yanai and the Pharisees. 82 BCE: Consolidation of the Kingdom in territory east of the Jordan River. 63 BCE: The Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom comes to an end because of a rivalry between the brothers Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus II, both of whom appeal to the Roman Republic to intervene and settle the power struggle on their behalf.
Judas Maccabeus leads the Jews to victory against the forces of Nicanor. Judas Maccabeus defeats the forces of Seron. Elazar the Maccabee is killed in battle. Lysias has success in battle against the Maccabees, but allows them temporary freedom of worship.
Judas Maccabeus defeats the army of Lysias, recapturing Jerusalem. A Jewish fortress saved by Judas Maccabeus. Judas Maccabeus dies in battle against the army of King Demetrius and Bacchides. Matityahu the High Priest, also referred to as Mattathias and Mattathias ben Johanan. Matityahu was a Jewish High Priest who, together with his five sons, played a central role in the story of Hanukkah.
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Judah was the eldest son of Matityahu and is acclaimed as one of the greatest warriors in Jewish history alongside Joshua, Gideon, and David. Simon the Maccabee, also referred to as Simon Maccabeus and Simon Thassi. Johanan the Maccabee, also referred to as Johanan Maccabeus and John Gaddi. Jonathan the Maccabee, also referred to as Jonathan Apphus. Seleucid emperor controlling the region during this period.
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Acclaimed for her heroism in the assassination of Holofernes. Arrested, tortured and killed one by one, by Antiochus IV Epiphanes for refusing to bow to an idol. Chanukah Menorah opposite Nazi building in Berlin, December 1932. Hanukkah is celebrated with a series of rituals that are performed every day throughout the 8-day holiday, some are family-based and others communal.
There are special additions to the daily prayer service, and a section is added to the blessing after meals. Hanukkah is not a “Sabbath-like” holiday, and there is no obligation to refrain from activities that are forbidden on the Sabbath, as specified in the Shulkhan Arukh. Each night throughout the 8 day holiday, a candle or oil-based light is lit. Hanukkah lights for anything other than publicizing and meditating on the Hanukkah miracle. This differs from Sabbath candles which are meant to be used for illumination and lighting.
The lights can be candles or oil lamps. In the United States, Hanukkah became a more visible festival in the public sphere from the 1970s when Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson called for public awareness and observance of the festival and encouraged the lighting of public menorahs. Accordingly, lamps are set up at a prominent window or near the door leading to the street. Hanukkah lights should usually burn for at least half an hour after it gets dark. The custom of many is to light at sundown, although most Hasidim light later. Inexpensive small wax candles sold for Hanukkah burn for approximately half an hour so should be lit no earlier than nightfall.
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Friday night presents a problem, however. Since candles may not be lit on Shabbat itself, the candles must be lit before sunset. If for whatever reason one didn’t light at sunset or nightfall, the lights should be kindled later, as long as there are people in the streets. Later than that, the lights should still be kindled, but the blessings should be recited only if there is at least somebody else awake in the house and present at the lighting of the Hannukah lights. On the first night, the shehecheyanu blessing is added, making a total of three blessings. The blessings are said before or after the candles are lit depending on tradition. Transliteration: Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam, asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu l’hadlik ner shel Hanukkah.
God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to kindle the Hanukkah light. Transliteration: Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha’olam, she’asa nisim la’avoteinu ba’yamim ha’heim ba’z’man ha’ze. After the lights are kindled the hymn Hanerot Halalu is recited. Vekhol-shemonat yemei Hanukkah hanneirot hallalu kodesh heim, ve-ein lanu reshut lehishtammesh baheim ella lir’otam bilvad kedei lehodot ul’halleil leshimcha haggadol ‘al nissekha ve’al nifleotekha ve’al yeshu’otekha. We kindle these lights for the miracles and the wonders, for the redemption and the battles that you made for our forefathers, in those days at this season, through your holy priests. In the Ashkenazi tradition, each night after the lighting of the candles, the hymn Ma’oz Tzur is sung.
The song was composed in the thirteenth century by a poet only known through the acrostic found in the first letters of the original five stanzas of the song: Mordechai. The familiar tune is most probably a derivation of a German Protestant church hymn or a popular folk song. After lighting the candles and Ma’oz Tzur, singing other Hanukkah songs is customary in many Jewish homes. We thank You also for the miraculous deeds and for the redemption and for the mighty deeds and the saving acts wrought by You, as well as for the wars which You waged for our ancestors in ancient days at this season.
This addition refers to the victory achieved over the Syrians by the Hasmonean Mattathias and his sons. The same prayer is added to the grace after meals. The Hanukkah menorah is also kindled daily in the synagogue, at night with the blessings and in the morning without the blessings. The menorah is not lit during Shabbat, but rather prior to the beginning of Shabbat as described above and not at all during the day. It is customary for women not to work for at least the first half-hour of the candles’ burning, and some have the custom not to work for the entire time of burning.
It is also forbidden to fast or to eulogize during Hanukkah. Radomsk Hasidic Ma’oz Tzur sheet music. A large number of songs have been written on Hanukkah themes, perhaps more so than for any other Jewish holiday. Among the Rebbes of the Nadvorna Hasidic dynasty, it is customary for the Rebbes to play violin after the menorah is lit. Penina Moise’s Hannukah Hymn published in the 1842 Hymns Written for the Use of Hebrew Congregations was instrumental in the beginning of Americanization of Hanukkah. Potato latke frying in hot olive oil. Second Temple’s Menorah alight for eight days.
Hungarian Jews eat cheese pancakes known as “cheese latkes”. Latkes are not popular in Israel, having been largely replaced by sufganiyot due to local economic factors, convenience and the influence of trade unions. Bakeries in Israel have popularized many new types of fillings for sufganiyot besides the traditional strawberry jelly filling, including chocolate cream, vanilla cream, caramel, cappuccino and others. Rabbinic literature also records a tradition of eating cheese and other dairy products during Hanukkah. This custom, as mentioned above, commemorates the heroism of Judith during the Babylonian captivity of the Jews and reminds us that women also played an important role in the events of Hanukkah. Roast goose has historically been a traditional Hanukkah food among Eastern European and American Jews, although the custom has declined in recent decades.
The dreidel, or sevivon in Hebrew, is a four-sided spinning top that children play with during Hanukkah. Israel, although this is a relatively recent innovation. Stores in Haredi neighborhoods sell the traditional Shin dreidels as well, because they understand “there” to refer to the Temple and not the entire Land of Israel, and because the Hasidic Masters ascribe significance to the traditional letters. Israel by the Hebrew translation dmei Hanukkah, is often distributed to children during the festival of Hanukkah. The giving of Hanukkah gelt also adds to the holiday excitement.
The amount is usually in small coins, although grandparents or relatives may give larger sums. To the right is Abba Eban, the Ambassador of Israel to the United States. The United States has a history of recognizing and celebrating Hanukkah in a number of ways. The earliest Hanukkah link with the White House occurred in 1951 when Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion presented United States President Harry Truman with a Hanukkah Menorah. The United States Postal Service has released several Hanukkah-themed postage stamps. Bush held an official Hanukkah reception in the White House in conjunction with the candle-lighting ceremony, and since then this ceremony has become an annual tradition attended by Jewish leaders from around the country. In December 2014, two Hanukkah celebrations were held at the White House.
The White House commissioned a menorah made by students at the Max Rayne school in Israel and invited two of its students to join U. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama as they welcomed over 500 guests to the celebration. The dates of Hanukkah are determined by the Hebrew calendar. The Jewish day begins at sunset. Hanukkah begins at sunset of the date listed. In 2013, on 28 November, the American holiday of Thanksgiving fell during Hanukkah for only the third time since Thanksgiving was declared a national holiday by President Abraham Lincoln. Major Jewish holidays are those when all forms of work are forbidden, and that feature traditional holiday meals, kiddush, holiday candle-lighting, etc.
Only biblical holidays fit these criteria, and Chanukah was instituted some two centuries after the Hebrew Bible was completed. Nevertheless, though Chanukah is of rabbinic origin, it is traditionally celebrated in a major and very public fashion. Some Jewish historians suggest a different explanation for the rabbinic reluctance to laud the militarism. First, the rabbis wrote after Hasmonean leaders had led Judea into Rome’s grip and so may not have wanted to offer the family much praise. Second, they clearly wanted to promote a sense of dependence on God, urging Jews to look toward the divine for protection. They likely feared inciting Jews to another revolt that might end in disaster, like the CE 135 experience.
With the advent of Zionism and the state of Israel, however, these themes were reconsidered. In modern Israel, the national and military aspects of Hanukkah became, once again, more dominant. US President Jimmy Carter attends Menorah Lighting, Lafayette Park, Washington, D. In North America especially, Hanukkah gained increased importance with many Jewish families in the latter part of the 20th century, including among large numbers of secular Jews, who wanted a Jewish alternative to the Christmas celebrations that often overlap with Hanukkah. While Hanukkah is a relatively minor Jewish holiday, as indicated by the lack of religious restrictions on work other than a few minutes after lighting the candles, in North America, Hanukkah in the 21st century has taken a place equal to Passover as a symbol of Jewish identity. Some Jews in North America and Israel have taken up environmental concerns in relation to Hanukkah’s “miracle of the oil”, emphasizing reflection on energy conservation and energy independence. An example of this is the Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life’s renewable energy campaign.
An entire room of Paris’s Museum of Jewish Art and History is dedicated to Hanukkah, through an exceptional collection of Hanukkiyot, in a variety of shapes and designs, origins and periods. This panorama stands as a metaphor for the great diversity of Jewish customs throughout the world. Archived from the original on 6 October 2007. BBC – Schools – Religion – Judaism”.
Being Jewish: The Spiritual and Cultural Practice of Judaism Today, Ari L. Archived from the original on 7 December 2012. Archived from the original on 28 May 2007. Andrew Gabriel Roth, Aramaic English New Testament, 3rd Ed. Mercer Dictionary of the Bible ed.
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1990 -“Hence Hanukkah also is called the Feast of Lights, an alternate title Josephus confirms with this rationale: “And from that time to this we celebrate this festival, and call it ‘Lights. The History of the Second Temple Period”. Archived from the original on 27 June 2004. Archived from the original on 16 January 2008. Jewish Literacy: The Most Important Things to Know about the Jewish Religion, Its People, and Its History. Religions of the Ancient World: A Guide.
The Jewish Way: Living the Holidays. Judaism and the Gentile Faiths: Comparative Studies in Religion. A Survey of the New Testament. Judaic Religion in the Second Temple Period: Belief and Practice from the Exile to Yavneh.