Communication and Professional Relationships with Children, Young People and Adults
Information and advice for professionals working with children in Kent. During difficult family times, everyone who knows the child must do the best communication and Professional Relationships with Children, Young People and Adults can to protect them from future harm. Spot abuse Most children enjoy generally happy childhood experiences within their own family.
Unfortunately, for some this is not the case. Take responsibility You may be concerned about a child or young person. You may or may not know them, or even their name. Abuse can take many different forms, such as neglect, sexual abuse, physical abuse, and even emotional abuse.
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Tell someone Don’t assume that someone else will take responsibility and make that phone call. You could help to save a child’s life. If you are worried, report it now. Call our reporting line on 03000 411111.
If you continue without changing your settings, we’ll assume you’re happy to receive these from us. The formation of communicative motivation or reason. Transmission of the encoded message as a sequence of signals using a specific channel or medium. Reception of signals and reassembling of the encoded message from a sequence of received signals.
Decoding of the reassembled encoded message. Interpretation and making sense of the presumed original message. Biosemiotics which examines communication in and between living organisms in general. Human communication is unique for its extensive use of abstract language.
Development of civilization has been closely linked with progress in telecommunication. Nonverbal communication describes the processes of conveying a type of information in the form of non-linguistic representations. Nonverbal communication demonstrates one of Wazlawick’s laws: you cannot not communicate. Once proximity has formed awareness, living creatures begin interpreting any signals received. Some of the functions of nonverbal communication in humans are to complement and illustrate, to reinforce and emphasize, to replace and substitute, to control and regulate, and to contradict the denovative message.
Nonverbal cues are heavily relied on to express communication and to interpret others’ communication and can replace or substitute verbal messages. When verbal messages contradict non-verbal messages, observation of non-verbal behaviour is relied on to judge another’s attitudes and feelings, rather than assuming the truth of the verbal message alone. They are included in every single communication act. To have total communication, all non-verbal channels such as the body, face, voice, appearance, touch, distance, timing, and other environmental forces must be engaged during face-to-face interaction. Written communication can also have non-verbal attributes. Many different non-verbal channels are engaged at the same time in communication acts and allow the chance for simultaneous messages to be sent and received. Non-verbal behaviours may form a universal language system.
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Smiling, crying, pointing, caressing, and glaring are non-verbal behaviours that are used and understood by people regardless of nationality. Such non-verbal signals allow the most basic form of communication when verbal communication is not effective due to language barriers. Verbal communication is the spoken or written conveyance of a message. As previously mentioned, language can be characterized as symbolic.
The properties of language are governed by rules. Over time the forms of and ideas about communication have evolved through the continuing progression of technology. Advances include communications psychology and media psychology, an emerging field of study. Written communication first emerged through the use of pictographs. The pictograms were made in stone, hence written communication was not yet mobile. Pictograms began to develop standardized and simplified forms. The next step occurred when writing began to appear on paper, papyrus, clay, wax, and other media with commonly shared writing systems, leading to adaptable alphabets.
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Communication is thus a process by which meaning is assigned and conveyed in an attempt to create shared understanding. Gregory Bateson called it “the replication of tautologies in the universe. Companies with limited resources may choose to engage in only a few of these activities, while larger organizations may employ a full spectrum of communications. Since it is difficult to develop such a broad range of skills, communications professionals often specialize in one or two of these areas but usually have at least a working knowledge of most of them. Communication is one of the most relevant tools in political strategies, including persuasion and propaganda. In mass media research and online media research, the effort of the strategist is that of getting a precise decoding, avoiding “message reactance”, that is, message refusal. In “radical reading” the audience rejects the meanings, values, and viewpoints built into the text by its makers.
In “dominant reading”, the audience accepts the meanings, values, and viewpoints built into the text by its makers. In “subordinate reading” the audience accepts, by and large, the meanings, values, and worldview built into the text by its makers. The modern political communication field is highly influenced by the framework and practices of “information operations” doctrines that derive their nature from strategic and military studies. According to this view, what is really relevant is the concept of acting on the Information Environment. The information environment is the aggregate of individuals, organizations, and systems that collect, process, disseminate, or act on information. Family communication is the study of the communication perspective in a broadly defined family, with intimacy and trusting relationship.
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The main goal of family communication is to understand the interactions of family and the pattern of behaviors of family members in different circumstances. Family communication study looks at topics such as family rules, family roles or family dialectics and how those factors could affect the communication between family members. Researchers develop theories to understand communication behaviors. Family communication study also digs deep into certain time periods of family life such as marriage, parenthood or divorce and how communication stands in those situations. Both verbal and nonverbal communication, or body language, play a part in how one person understands another.
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The concept follows the idea that our words change what form they take based on the stress level or urgency of the situation. It also explores the concept that stuttering during speech shows the audience that there is a problem or that the situation is more stressful. This theory follows the relationships that builds between a mother and child, and the impact it has on their relationships with others. Emotional Intelligence focuses on the ability to monitor ones own emotions as well as those of others. Emotional Triggers focus on events or people that tend to set off intense, emotional reactions within individuals. This is the study of how individuals explain what causes different events and behaviors. Verbal communication focuses heavily on the power of words, and how those words are said.
It takes into consideration tone, volume, and choice of words. Focuses heavily on the setting that the words are conveyed in. As well as the physical tone of the words. It is about a space of mutual responsibility between two individuals, it’s about giving and receiving in a relationship.
This theory is explored by Dawn J. Lipthrott in the article What IS Relationship? This concept goes into that everyone lies, and how this can impact relationships. This focuses on the impact that social media has on relationships. As well as how to communicate through conflict. Barriers to effective communication can retard or distort the message or intention of the message being conveyed. This may result in failure of the communication process or cause an effect that is undesirable.
This also includes a lack of expressing “knowledge-appropriate” communication, which occurs when a person uses ambiguous or complex legal words, medical jargon, or descriptions of a situation or environment that is not understood by the recipient. Physical barriers- Physical barriers are often due to the nature of the environment. An example of this is the natural barrier which exists if staff is located in different buildings or on different sites. Likewise, poor or outdated equipment, particularly the failure of management to introduce new technology, may also cause problems. Staff shortages are another factor which frequently causes communication difficulties for an organization.
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System design- System design faults refer to problems with the structures or systems in place in an organization. Examples might include an organizational structure which is unclear and therefore makes it confusing to know whom to communicate with. Attitudinal barriers- Attitudinal barriers come about as a result of problems with staff in an organization. Words sounding the same but having different meaning can convey a different meaning altogether. Hence the communicator must ensure that the receiver receives the same meaning.
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It is better if such words are avoided by using alternatives whenever possible. Individual linguistic ability- The use of jargon, difficult or inappropriate words in communication can prevent the recipients from understanding the message. Poorly explained or misunderstood messages can also result in confusion. However, research in communication has shown that confusion can lend legitimacy to research when persuasion fails.
Physiological barriers- These may result from individuals’ personal discomfort, caused—for example—by ill health, poor eyesight or hearing difficulties. It is when the sender is expressing a thought or a word but the receiver takes it in a different meaning. Technological multi-tasking and absorbency- With a rapid increase in technologically-driven communication in the past several decades, individuals are increasingly faced with condensed communication in the form of e-mail, text, and social updates. This has, in turn, led to a notable change in the way younger generations communicate and perceive their own self-efficacy to communicate and connect with others. Fear of being criticized-This is a major factor that prevents good communication.
If we exercise simple practices to improve our communication skill, we can become effective communicators. For example, read an article from the newspaper or collect some news from the television and present it in front of the mirror. This will not only boost your confidence but also improve your language and vocabulary. Gender barriers- Most communicators whether aware or not, often have a set agenda. This is very notable among the different genders.
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For example, many women are found to be more critical in addressing conflict. It’s also been noted that men are more than likely to withdraw from conflict when in comparison to women. Families and family groups may also experience the effect of cultural barriers to communication within and between different family members or groups. Communication to a great extent is influenced by culture and cultural variables.
Verbal communication refers to form of communication which uses spoken and written words for expressing and transferring views and ideas. Language is the most important tool of verbal communication and it is the area where cultural difference play its role. Non verbal communication is a very wide concept and it includes all the other forms of communication which do not uses written or spoken words. Paralinguistics are the voice involved in communication other than actual language and involves tones, pitch, vocal cues etc. It also include sounds from throat and all these are greatly influenced by cultural differences across borders. Proxemics deals with the concept of space element in communication. Proxemics explains four zones of spaces namely intimate personal, social and public.