Definition of reference in English:

25th June 2018OffByRiseNews

Spanish Dictionaries There are two free Spanish-English dictionaries: our own dictionary and one from Collins. The French dictionary definition of reference in English: over 250,000 translations and the Italian dictionary has nearly 200,000.

These dictionaries continue to grow and improve as well. If you have a question about language usage, first search the hundreds of thousands of previous questions. If you still are unsure, then you can ask the question yourself. These prestigious dictionaries contain more than 125,000 words and phrases. If you still cannot find a term, you can ask or search in the forums, where many native English speakers love to assist others in their understanding of the English language. An attorney working in contract management.

16 Hilarious Text Messages You’ve Gotta Read

Eva has a Bachelors Degree in English and a Masters Degree in English Education. Log in or Sign Up to follow. The question and answer are locked and cannot be edited. Paying attention to your phone instead of your surroundings is dangerous, especially while driving. Here are some creative and original answers: The chicken crossed the road. But why did the chicken cross the road?

Have something to share?

What would you like to do? Glycerol can be made without peanut oil as well. Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, turpentine, and raw sewage. For a complete list of known species of Durio, see List of Durio species. Durio sensu lato has 30 recognised species.

Durio sensu stricto comprises 24 of these species. The 6 additional species included in Durio s. The genus Durio is placed by some taxonomists in the family Bombacaceae, or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae that includes Bombacaceae, and by others in a smaller family of just seven genera Durionaceae. Durian flowers are large and feathery with copious nectar, and give off a heavy, sour, and buttery odour. These features are typical of flowers pollinated by certain species of bats that eat nectar and pollen. Durio, Boschia, and Cullenia was in conjunction with a transition from beetle pollination to vertebrate pollination.

Different cultivars of durian often have distinct colours. Over the centuries, numerous durian cultivars, propagated by vegetative clones, have arisen in southeast Asia. Most cultivars have a common name and a code number starting with “D”. Each cultivar has a distinct taste and odour. More than 200 cultivars of D.

Mon Thong is the most commercially sought after, for its thick, full-bodied creamy and mild sweet-tasting flesh with relatively moderate smell emitted and smaller seeds, while Chanee is the best in terms of its resistance to infection by Phytophthora palmivora. Kan Yao is somewhat less common, but prized for its longer window of time when it is both sweet and odourless at the same time. By 2007, Thai government scientist Songpol Somsri had crossbred more than ninety varieties of durian to create Chantaburi No. 1, a cultivar without the characteristic odour. 3, develops the odour about three days after the fruit is picked, which enables an odourless transport yet satisfies consumers who prefer the pungent odour. The durian is native to Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia, and is cultivated in other areas with a similar climate.

Engineers build smallest volume, most efficient wireless nerve stimulator

The centre of ecological diversity for durians is the island of Borneo, where the fruits of the edible species of Durio including D. Brunei because consumers there prefer other species such as D. These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D. Although the durian is not native to Thailand, the country is currently one of the major exporters of durians, growing 781,000 tonnes of the world’s total harvest of 1,400,000 tonnes in 1999, 111,000 tonnes of which it exported to Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Canada. Durian was introduced into Australia in the early 1960s and clonal material was first introduced in 1975. Durio species have been subsequently introduced into Australia.

China is the major importer, purchasing 65,000 tonnes in 1999, followed by Singapore with 40,000 tonnes and Taiwan with 5,000 tonnes. The durian is a seasonal fruit, unlike some other non-seasonal tropical fruits such as the papaya which are available throughout the year. In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen. Prices of durians are relatively high, compared with other fruits. With an average weight of about 1.

In-season durians can be found in mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the West they are sold mainly by Asian markets. The unusual flavour and odour of the fruit have prompted many people to express diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust. The five cells are silky-white within, and are filled with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds each. This pulp is the edible part, and its consistence and flavour are indescribable. A rich custard highly flavoured with almonds gives the best general idea of it, but there are occasional wafts of flavour that call to mind cream-cheese, onion-sauce, sherry-wine, and other incongruous dishes. Wallace described himself as being at first reluctant to try it because of the aroma, “but in Borneo I found a ripe fruit on the ground, and, eating it out of doors, I at once became a confirmed Durian eater”.

3. The Sneaky, Sneaky Squirrel Game: $16.58

While Wallace cautions that “the smell of the ripe fruit is certainly at first disagreeable”, later descriptions by Westerners are more graphic. Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is “like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory”. It can be smelled from yards away. Despite its great local popularity, the raw fruit is forbidden from some establishments such as hotels, subways and airports, including public transportation in Southeast Asia. Other comparisons have been made with the civet, sewage, stale vomit, skunk spray and used surgical swabs.

This strong odour can be detected half a mile away by animals, thus luring them. In addition, the fruit is extremely appetising to a variety of animals, including squirrels, mouse deer, pigs, orangutan, elephants, and even carnivorous tigers. A customer sniffs a durian before purchasing it. According to Larousse Gastronomique, the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. However, the ideal stage of ripeness to be enjoyed varies from region to region in Southeast Asia and by species.

Some species grow so tall that they can only be collected once they have fallen to the ground, whereas most cultivars of D. The various preferences regarding ripeness among consumers make it hard to issue general statements about choosing a “good” durian. Tempoyak refers to fermented durian, usually made from lower quality durian unsuitable for direct consumption. Tempoyak can be eaten either cooked or uncooked, is normally eaten with rice, and can also be used for making curry. In Thailand, durian is often eaten fresh with sweet sticky rice, and blocks of durian paste are sold in the markets, though much of the paste is adulterated with pumpkin. Unripe durians may be cooked as a vegetable, except in the Philippines, where all uses are sweet rather than savoury. Young leaves and shoots of the durian are occasionally cooked as greens.

Sometimes the ash of the burned rind is added to special cakes. Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Origin of the durian is thought to be in the region of Borneo and Sumatra, grows wild in the Malay peninsula, and was commonly cultivated in a wide region from India to New Guinea. The earliest known European reference to the durian is the record of Niccolò Da Conti, who travelled to south-eastern Asia in the 15th century.

Ceylon by the Portuguese in the 16th century and was reintroduced many times later. It has been planted in the Americas but confined to botanical gardens. In south-eastern Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the mid-20th century. In 1949, the British botanist E. Corner published The Durian Theory, or the Origin of the Modern Tree.

A common local belief is that the durian is harmful when eaten with coffee or alcoholic beverages. Durian fruit is armed with sharp thorns, capable of drawing blood. The durian is commonly known as the “King of the Fruits”, a label that can be attributed to its formidable look and overpowering odour. In its native south-eastern Asia, the durian is an everyday food and portrayed in the local media in accordance with the cultural perception it has in the region.

Beginning of Kindergarten

A durian falling on a person’s head can cause serious injuries because it is heavy, armed with sharp thorns, and can fall from a significant height. Wearing a hardhat is recommended when collecting the fruit. Since the bases of the scales develop into spines as the fruit matures, sometimes spineless durians are produced artificially by scraping scales off immature fruits. Animals such as Sumatran elephants and tigers are known to consume durians. One of the names Thailand contributed to the list of storm names for Western North Pacific tropical cyclones was ‘Durian’, which was retired after the second storm of this name in 2006. In Malaysia, a decoction of the leaves and roots used to be prescribed as an antipyretic. The leaf juice is applied on the head of a fever patient.

The most complete description of the medicinal use of the durian as remedies for fevers is a Malay prescription, collected by Burkill and Haniff in 1930. Southeast Asian traditional beliefs, as well as traditional Chinese medicine, consider the durian fruit to have warming properties liable to cause excessive sweating. The Javanese believe durian to have aphrodisiac qualities, and impose a set of rules on what may or may not be consumed with it or shortly thereafter. Wallace makes an almost identical comment in his 1866 publication The Malay Archipelago: The land of the orang-utang and the bird of paradise.

Internet searches on durian, with such citations themselves tracing back to Wallace. In translations of Linschoten’s writings, the fruit is spelled as duryoen. 101 Jenis Durian Lokal Unggul Asli Indonesia Dari Aceh Hingga Papua – Ngelmu”. New Crop Resource Online Program, Center for New Crops and Plant Products, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University.

A Consumers Guide on World Fruit. Systematics and character evolution in Durio s. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Phylogeny of the core Malvales: evidence from ndhF sequence data”. Diversity and management of Phytophthora in Southeast Asia. Via durion, the Indonesia name for the plant. Archived from the original on 2007-04-07.

Durian lovers head north on day tours”. How to Identify Musang King and D24″. Fans Sour on Sweeter Version of Asia’s Smelliest Fruit”. Odourless durians to hit the market”. The people in Brunei prefer the other species, such as D. These species are quite commonly distributed in the country and together with other species like D.

On the Bamboo and Durian of Borneo”. The Malay Archipeligo: The land of the orang-utang and the bird of paradise. The Long Day Wanes: A Malayan Trilogy. The Traveling Curmudgeon: Irreverent Notes, Quotes, and Anecdotes on Dismal Destinations, Excess Baggage, the Full Upright Position, and Other Reasons Not to Go There. In praise of the delectable durian”. Sumatran tiger inspects durian fruit on forest floor”. Brooklyn Botanic Garden Gardener’s Desk Reference.

Stepping Stones Full-Day Preschool program

The Durian Tourist’s Guide To Thailand: Volume 1 of The Durian Tourist. Archived from the original on 2008-09-29. Bioversity International, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. International Center for Research in Agroforestry.

One Hundred!

Durians and booze: worse than a stinking hangover”. The mangosteen, called the “queen of fruits”, is petite and mild in comparison. The mangosteen season coincides with that of the durian and is seen as a complement, which is probably how the mangosteen received the complementary title. Jakarta: A city we learn to love but never to like”.

Archived from the original on 2001-04-09. Archived from the original on 2008-01-16. Illuminate of Gorlitz or Jakob Bohme’s Life and Philosophy, Part 3. The voyage of John Huyghen van Linschoten to the East Indies”. English translation of 1598: the first book, containing his description of the East. 2009-01-22, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.

Well, at any rate, he had two great beauties—the pale flat white of his skin and his great shaggy mass of dark hair. I’m learning to appreciate the beauty of poetry. We explored the natural beauties of the island. She was one of the great beauties of her time. Diversity Visa Lottery Program,’ a Chuck Schumer beauty. The Disney Princess brand suggests that a girl’s most valuable asset is her beauty, which encourages an unhealthy preoccupation with physical appearance. Is Your Daughter’s Princess Costume Bad For Her?

National monument designations add protections for lands revered for their natural beauty and historical significance with the goal of preserving them for future generations. Detroit Blows, the city’s first non-toxic blowdry salon, recently opened in downtown that features blowouts and beauty services like express manicures and pedicures. Who doesn’t feel inspired by the beauty or the curves of a woman’s body? On the northern tip of the state lies 15 miles of sublime beauty and solitude — and a great chance to wiggle your toes in some beach sand. From Birchbox to Fabletics, these services deliver fun beauty finds, yummy eats, stylish fitness gear, and more. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘beauty.

Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. That car is a real beauty. Seen and Heard What made you want to look up beauty? Subscribe to America’s largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

Get Word of the Day daily email! Which of the following best describes an easily irritated person? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Test Your Knowledge – and learn some interesting things along the way. Is Singular ‘They’ a Better Choice? Odd Habits and Quirks Quiz Test your knowledge of strange human behaviors.

Thanksgiving Games and Activities

More Confusing Words—Quiz How many of these commonly confused words do you know? Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Syn City Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Learn a new word every day. Spanish Dictionaries There are two free Spanish-English dictionaries: our own dictionary and one from Collins. The French dictionary has over 250,000 translations and the Italian dictionary has nearly 200,000.

These dictionaries continue to grow and improve as well. If you have a question about language usage, first search the hundreds of thousands of previous questions. If you still are unsure, then you can ask the question yourself. These prestigious dictionaries contain more than 125,000 words and phrases. If you still cannot find a term, you can ask or search in the forums, where many native English speakers love to assist others in their understanding of the English language. An attorney working in contract management. Eva has a Bachelors Degree in English and a Masters Degree in English Education.

Log in or Sign Up to follow. The question and answer are locked and cannot be edited. Paying attention to your phone instead of your surroundings is dangerous, especially while driving. Here are some creative and original answers: The chicken crossed the road. But why did the chicken cross the road?

Teen Mom 2 star fired by MTV for alleged homophobic and transphobic rant

What would you like to do? Glycerol can be made without peanut oil as well. Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, turpentine, and raw sewage. For a complete list of known species of Durio, see List of Durio species. Durio sensu lato has 30 recognised species. Durio sensu stricto comprises 24 of these species.

The 6 additional species included in Durio s. The genus Durio is placed by some taxonomists in the family Bombacaceae, or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae that includes Bombacaceae, and by others in a smaller family of just seven genera Durionaceae. Durian flowers are large and feathery with copious nectar, and give off a heavy, sour, and buttery odour. These features are typical of flowers pollinated by certain species of bats that eat nectar and pollen. Durio, Boschia, and Cullenia was in conjunction with a transition from beetle pollination to vertebrate pollination. Different cultivars of durian often have distinct colours. Over the centuries, numerous durian cultivars, propagated by vegetative clones, have arisen in southeast Asia.

Most cultivars have a common name and a code number starting with “D”. Each cultivar has a distinct taste and odour. More than 200 cultivars of D. Mon Thong is the most commercially sought after, for its thick, full-bodied creamy and mild sweet-tasting flesh with relatively moderate smell emitted and smaller seeds, while Chanee is the best in terms of its resistance to infection by Phytophthora palmivora. Kan Yao is somewhat less common, but prized for its longer window of time when it is both sweet and odourless at the same time. By 2007, Thai government scientist Songpol Somsri had crossbred more than ninety varieties of durian to create Chantaburi No.

1, a cultivar without the characteristic odour. 3, develops the odour about three days after the fruit is picked, which enables an odourless transport yet satisfies consumers who prefer the pungent odour. The durian is native to Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia, and is cultivated in other areas with a similar climate. The centre of ecological diversity for durians is the island of Borneo, where the fruits of the edible species of Durio including D.

Brunei because consumers there prefer other species such as D. These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D. Although the durian is not native to Thailand, the country is currently one of the major exporters of durians, growing 781,000 tonnes of the world’s total harvest of 1,400,000 tonnes in 1999, 111,000 tonnes of which it exported to Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Canada. Durian was introduced into Australia in the early 1960s and clonal material was first introduced in 1975. Durio species have been subsequently introduced into Australia.

China is the major importer, purchasing 65,000 tonnes in 1999, followed by Singapore with 40,000 tonnes and Taiwan with 5,000 tonnes. The durian is a seasonal fruit, unlike some other non-seasonal tropical fruits such as the papaya which are available throughout the year. In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen. Prices of durians are relatively high, compared with other fruits. With an average weight of about 1. In-season durians can be found in mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the West they are sold mainly by Asian markets. The unusual flavour and odour of the fruit have prompted many people to express diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust.