Depression – Signs and Symptoms of Youth Depression
Depression – Signs and Symptoms of Youth Depression forward this error screen to sharedip-1601539635. Depression It’s natural to feel sad, down, or discouraged at times.
We all feel these human emotions, they’re reactions to the hassles and hurdles of life. We may feel sad over an argument with a friend, a breakup, or a best friend moving out of town. We might be disappointed about doing poorly on a test or discouraged if our team can’t break its losing streak. The death of someone close can lead to a specific kind of sadness — grief.
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Most of the time, people manage to deal with these feelings and get past them with a little time and care. Depression is more than occasionally feeling blue, sad, or down in the dumps, though. Depression is a strong mood involving sadness, discouragement, despair, or hopelessness that lasts for weeks, months, or even longer. Depression affects more than a person’s mood. It interferes with the ability to notice or enjoy the good things in life. Depression drains the energy, motivation, and concentration a person needs for normal activities. People with depression might feel unusually sad, discouraged, or defeated.
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They may feel hopeless, helpless, or alone. Some people feel guilty, unworthy, rejected, or unloved. Some people with depression feel, angry, easily annoyed, bitter, or alienated. Any or all of these negative emotions can be part of a depressed mood if they go on for weeks or more. People with depression get stuck in negative thinking.
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This can make people focus on problems and faults. It can make things seem bleaker than they really are. Negative thinking can make a person believe things will never get better, that problems are too big to solve, that nothing can fix the situation, or that nothing matters. Negative thinking can be self-critical, too.
People may believe they are worthless and unlovable — even though that’s not true. That can lead people with depression to think about harming themselves or about ending their own life. Negative thinking can block our ability to see solutions or realize that a problem is actually temporary. People with depression may feel tired, drained, or exhausted. They might move more slowly or take longer to do things. It can feel as if everything requires more effort.
People who feel this way might have trouble motivating themselves to do or care about anything. Depression can make it hard to concentrate and focus. It might be hard to do schoolwork, pay attention in class, remember lessons, or stay focused on what others say. Some people with depression have an upset stomach or loss of appetite. Some might gain or lose weight.
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People might notice headaches and sleeping problems when they’re depressed. People with depression may pull away from friends and family or from activities they once enjoyed. Depression Can Go Unrecognized People with depression may not realize they are depressed. Because self-critical thinking is part of depression, some people might mistakenly think of themselves as a failure, a bad student, a quitter, a slacker, a loser, or a bad person.
Because depression can affect how a person acts, it might be misunderstood as a bad attitude. Other people may think the person isn’t trying or not putting in any effort. For example, a negative or irritable mood can cause someone to act more argumentative, disagreeable, or angry. That can make the person seem difficult to get along with or cause others to keep their distance. Low motivation, low energy, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of “why bother? Some people with depression have other problems as well.
These can intensify feelings of worthlessness or inner pain. For example, people who cut themselves or who have eating disorders or who go through extreme mood changes may have unrecognized depression. When depression is recognized and treated, it often clears the way for other problems to get treated, too. Depression can get better with the right attention and care — sometimes more easily than a person thinks. But if it’s not treated, things can stay bad or get worse. That’s why people who are depressed shouldn’t wait and hope it will go away on its own.
If you think you might be depressed, talk to a parent or other adult about getting the right help. Get a Medical Checkup A doctor can check for any health conditions that might cause symptoms of depression. For example, hypothyroidism can cause a depressed mood, low energy, and tiredness. Mono can make a person feel tired and depressed. Having meetings with a counselor or therapist is called talk therapy. Talk therapy can help people overcome depression. Overcoming depression might include talk therapy, medication, or both.
A therapist might also recommend daily exercise, exposure to daylight, or better ways of eating. A therapist might teach relaxation skills to help someone get a good night’s sleep. Get Support Many people find that it helps to open up to parents or other adults they trust. Simply saying something like, “I’ve been feeling really down lately and I think I’m depressed” can be a good way to begin the discussion. If a parent or family member can’t help, turn to your school counselor, school nurse, or a helpline. Let friends and other people who care about you offer their support.
Help Yourself Try these simple actions. Focusing on positive emotions and being with positive people can help, too. Do yoga, dance, and find creative self-expression through art, music, or journaling. Daily exercise, meditation, daylight, and positive emotions all can affect the brain’s activity in ways that restore mood and well-being. Do what you can to care for yourself. My Friend Is Talking About Suicide.
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For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. What does generalized anxiety look like? Learn more about the symptoms of anxiety disorders, and about the different types of these disorders. Signs You Have an Anxiety or Panic Disorder Here’s how to tell panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and phobias from ordinary fears and anxiety.
What Does a Panic Attack Feel Like? Panic attacks involve sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. People experiencing a panic attack may think they’re having a heart attack, dying or going crazy. Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, is characterized by excessive, exaggerated anxiety and worry about everyday life events with no obvious reasons for worry. Learn strategies for feeling more comfortable ”on stage.
Social Anxiety Disorder Social anxiety disorder, also called social phobia, is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations. Slideshow: When Fear Becomes Phobia More than 19 million Americans have a phobia — an intense, irrational fear when they face a certain situation, activity, or object. They tend to display needy, passive, and clinging behavior, and have a fear of separation. Anxiety and Self-Injury People who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder, substance abuse, or an eating disorder are also at risk for self-injury.
Anxiety and Trichotillomania Hair pulling is a type of impulse-control disorder, and is often linked with depression or anxiety. MS and Depression: How Are They Linked? PTSD: What Are the Warning Signs? Types of Phobias What are your fears? Test Your Stress IQ Do you know how stress affects your health? WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. What are the symptoms of teen depression?
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Can teen depression run in families? Does depression medicine work for teen depression? What are the warning signs for teen suicide? What can parents do to alleviate teen depression?
Can’t teen depression go away without medical treatment? Do you ever wonder whether your irritable or unhappy adolescent might actually be experiencing teen depression? There are multiple reasons why a teenager might become depressed. For example, teens can develop feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy over their grades. School performance, social status with peers, sexual orientation, or family life can each have a major effect on how a teen feels.
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Often, kids with teen depression will have a noticeable change in their thinking and behavior. They may have no motivation and even become withdrawn, closing their bedroom door after school and staying in their room for hours. Kids with teen depression may sleep excessively, have a change in eating habits, and may even exhibit criminal behaviors such as DUI or shoplifting. For in depth information, see WebMD’s Symptoms of Depression. Depression, which usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30, sometimes can run in families. In fact, teen depression may be more common among adolescents who have a family history of depression.
There aren’t any specific medical tests that can detect depression. Health care professionals determine if a teen has depression by conducting interviews and psychological tests with the teen and his or her family members, teachers, and peers. The severity of the teen depression and the risk of suicide are determined based on the assessment of these interviews. Treatment recommendations are also made based on the data collected from the interviews. There are a variety of methods used to treat depression, including medications and psychotherapy.
Your mental health care provider will determine the best course of treatment for your teen. The FDA warns that antidepressant medications can, rarely, increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children and adolescents with depression and other psychiatric disorders. A large number of research trials have shown the effectiveness of depression medications in relieving the symptoms of teen depression. One approach was using the antidepressant medication Prozac, which is approved by the FDA for use with pediatric patients ages 8-18.
The second treatment was using cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, to help the teen recognize and change negative patterns of thinking that may increase symptoms of depression. The third approach was a combination of medication and CBT. At the end of the 12-week study, researchers found that nearly three out of every four patients who received the combination treatment — depression medication and psychotherapy — significantly improved. Teen suicide is a serious problem.
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Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death, following accidents, among youth and young adults in the U. It is estimated that 500,000 teens attempt suicide every year with 5,000 succeeding. Family difficulties, the loss of a loved one, or perceived failures at school or in relationships can all lead to negative feelings and depression. And teen depression often makes problems seem overwhelming and the associated pain unbearable.