Teenagers – Articles and Topics
To many, Holden Caulfield, the 16-year-old protagonist of The Catcher in the Rye, is the epitome of teenage anger and rebellion. After he’s kicked out of school for poor grades, Holden begins a three-day exploration of the ups and downs of life in New York City. Holden’s often-moody demeanor and reckless teenagers – Articles and Topics of choices frequently strikes a chord with teenagers who read the novel.
They understand Holden’s confusion about growing older. They understand his choices to drink and pretend to act as an adult. For many teenagers, Holden’s rebellious acts make perfect sense as a way to express freedom and pull away from the values society attempts to instill in them. To gain freedom in life, some teens rebel against the authority figures in their lives.
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For some teens, this could include experimentation with drugs or alcohol, while others rebel by skipping class, or listening to music their parents don’t approve of. In a way, it is a very normative behavior that most teens go through. Yet while many teens make it through the tough parts of adolescence, teen rebellion has serious consequences for some. The Handbook of Adolescent Health Risk Behavior, risky, rebellious behaviors often earn teens acceptance and respect from their peers. For more information see adolescence developmental psychology.
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Authors Vivian Igra and Charles E. For example, rates of sexuality, reckless vehicle use, and substance use increase with age. According to the book, parents should view acts of rebellion as part of the transition to adulthood, and that actions that might seem rebellious or dangerous at age 12, such as sexual activity, might be normal parts of behavior at age 20. When analyzing teenage rebellion, there are a number of factors that dictate how and when a teenager rebels. For example, the social status of an adolescent, and his or her self-esteem, has significant impact on how he or she views rebellious behavior. Psychological Reasons for Teen Rebellion In the case of some teenagers, rebellious behaviors stem from the desire to conform to peer groups.
And for teenagers with low self-esteem, this urge is often intense. Consider an average 13-year-old boy who has recently moved to a new neighborhood. The boy was recently uprooted from the home he had grown up in, and has found it difficult to meet new friends. But a group of boys in the neighborhood have recently expressed interest in playing sports with him, and he is eager to fit into this group. One night, the group of boys come over to his house, convincing him to come out and play basketball at a court down the street.
But instead, they decide to vandalize another house in the neighborhood with toilet paper. The boy knows it’s wrong to vandalize the house, but his desire to fit into the group persuades him to participate in this rebellious act. The Journal of Youth and Adolescence, teenagers with low self-esteem have more of a tolerance for deviant behavior associated with teen rebellion. The study, conducted by Marc A.
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Is it okay to go to a movie instead of studying for a test? Is it okay to skip school? The study found that students with lower self-esteem than others were more likely to say yes to these questions, and that alcohol use also increased among these students. Zimmerman’s study suggests substance use is directly linked to self-esteem for both boys and girls, but in different ways. Adolescent boys are more likely to use alcohol to help cope with declining self-esteem, while girls are more likely to use it to maintain high self-esteem they gain from their social groups. For example, girls who gain high self-esteem during adolescence typically do so by engaging in social networks. If drinking plays a large part among these networks, girls are likely to keep drinking.
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The study hypothesizes that students who don’t drink and have high self-esteem develop skills to cope with the pressures of adolescence, and that many of these skills are gained through strong family support. Impact of Family on Troubled Teens The dichotomous nature of adolescence causes teenagers to desire freedom from their parents, while also craving their acceptance and support. While the influence of parents as role models wanes during the teenage years, strong family support is still a deeply important part of teenage development. The Journal of Early Adolescence, researchers examined the influence of family and sibling relationships on behavior usually associated with rebellious behaviors, such as substance use, ignoring authority figures, sexual activity, and cheating on tests. The study, conducted by researchers Monika Ardett and Laurie Day, looked at 121 families and found that teenagers with strong parental support were less likely to engage in rebellious behavior, even if their friends are considered rebellious. Each family was questioned about relationships between parents and children, including factors like problem solving within the family and discipline consistency. The study found that teenagers without adult supervision engaged in more risky behaviors, while the teenagers who received consistent, but fair, discipline engaged in less risky behaviors.
A teenager who is used to absolute independence from parents would most likely not listen to those parents if they decided to threaten him or her with consequences for poor choices. For example, a teenage boy sneaks out of his house to go to a friend’s party. The teen’s parents are inconsistent about rules and punishments, so the teen does not fear repercussions for his actions. If his parents caught and tried to punish him, he would most likely ignore any threats of future consequences because he does not respect his parents.
To him, the consequences would seem out of place, and random coming from his easygoing parents, and he wouldn’t take future threats of consequences seriously. But if a teen knew that his or her parents would apply a consequence for sneaking out to drink with friends, the teen is much more likely to not engage in that behavior in the first place. But even when a teenager receives support from parents and family members, there are underlying reasons the teen might make poor choices. How could my teenager make such a dumb choice?
Didn’t I provide a better role model? The good news is that it might not have been poor parenting that drove the child to make a rebellious decision, but rather normal differences in brain development between adults and adolescents. Current Directions in Psychological Science, states that risk-taking and rebellious behaviors are linked to the development of logical-reasoning abilities in teenagers. This suggests that teenagers are almost hardwired to make more risky decisions and participate in behaviors their parents deem unacceptable. The area of the brain that regulates reward information and emotions becomes more sensitive during puberty, causing teens to spend less time analyzing the risks of a situation. So when a teenager runs a red light to make it to a friend’s house a little early, it’s probably because the lateral pre-frontal cortex, the brain area responsible for planning and analyzing risks, hasn’t become fully developed.
But the good news is as a teenager ages, he or she is more likely to examine the consequences of their actions before making a choice, leading to more successful choices in the long run. Helping Rebellious Teenagers Teenagers who engage in risky behaviors to rebel might face repercussions from the law or problems with health later in life. To ensure a teen develops in healthy ways, professionals like counselors and psychologists provide guidance during adolescence. For more information on helping rebellious teenagers through the turmoil of adolescence, request information from schools offering degree programs in Mental Health Counseling or psychology. These parents might essentially be counting down the hours until their child turns 18, just so they can get him or her out of the house.
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But by seeking psychological assistance, parents ensure that they have the right tools to interact with their difficult teenager. Canadian Family Physician, the reasons for adolescent problem behaviors are analyzed, and author David M. Magder provides tips for psychologists and parents to manage these behaviors. Magder first suggests that psychologists and parents talk directly with teenagers. Teenagers aren’t used to being addressed as adults, showing uneasiness at first. But by speaking directly to teens, discussing their hobbies and interests, and developing adult relationships, teens feel the respect they desire.
But Magder says parents set limits by acknowledging how teens think, while still making the distinction between dangerous choices and good ones. For example, Magder says he might acknowledge to a teen that marijuana is less dangerous than alcohol, but also point out that all drugs are dangerous, and that just because one is not as dangerous as the other doesn’t mean it’s still a smart decision to make. One of the main reasons teenagers justify poor decisions is by observing the world around them. Magder recalls a 14-year-old girl he spoke with who had been arrested three times for shoplifting. In the girl’s mind, stealing occurred constantly in adult life, but in the forms of tax evasion and other financial areas. According to the girl, shoplifting wasn’t any different.
Magder says by pointing out that tax evasion is also illegal, and people go to jail for it, he makes the distinction between normal behavior and social deviance. Then, by declaring that the girl has a choice to participate in this deviance, he gives her the freedom to decide for herself while also providing guidance. Often, with a strong family support network, teenagers grow out of their rebellious behavior as they develop identities. By working with the teen through this period, and above all, not giving up, parents and educators will ensure the healthy development of their adolescents. Note: This list contains Campus as well as Online schools. This site is for informational purposes and is not a substitute for professional help. Important Information: We strive to provide information on this website that is accurate, complete and timely, but we make no guarantees about the information, the selection of schools, school accreditation status, the availability of or eligibility for financial aid, employment opportunities or education or salary outcomes.
Teenagers Driving carries extra risk for them. Teenage drivers have the highest crash risk per mile traveled, compared with drivers in other age groups. Young drivers tend to overestimate their driving abilities and underestimate the dangers on the road. All 50 states and the District of Columbia have a three-stage GDL system. The United States doesn’t have a national GDL law. State lawmakers decide what provisions to adopt and how to enforce them.
Institute research has show that states with the strongest laws enjoy bigger reductions in teen driver deaths than states with weak laws. Some states make teens wait a little longer before they get their learner permits and full-privilege licenses. The table and maps below show licensing requirements and restrictions on intermediate license holders for every state and D. In many states, the law doesn’t set a specific age at which restrictions are lifted.
In those cases, the table reflects the lowest possible age at which someone could hold an unrestricted license, given the minimum time periods required for the learner’s permit and intermediate stages. Use the “Calculator” tab above to see the estimated effects of strengthening or weakening five key GDL provisions in any state or D. The projections are based on research showing what matters most when it comes to preventing fatal crashes and collision claims among teen drivers. Click on map for more detail. News about Child Abuse and Neglect, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. He Died 21 Years After Being Abused.
Body Found Off California Coast May Be Teenager From S. We would love to hear from you. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Adolescence can be a rough time for parents. At times, your teen may be a source of frustration and exasperation, not to mention financial stress.
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But these years also bring many, many moments of joy, pride, laughter and closeness. Is your teen due for a check-up? See the AAP Schedule of Well-Child Care Visits. The earlobe is the most universal site for body piercing—but it’s definitely not the only option out there. What’s Going On in the Teenage Brain? Copyright 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics. Teenagers Driving carries extra risk for them.
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Around the time that your child starts secondary school, you might need to adjust your approach to discipline. Effective discipline for teenagers focuses on setting agreed limits and helping teenagers work within them. It’s about teaching children appropriate ways to behave. For teenagers, discipline is about agreeing on and setting appropriate limits and helping them behave within those limits. When your child was younger, you probably used a range of discipline strategies to teach him the basics of good behaviour. Now your child is growing into a teenager, you can use limits and boundaries to help him learn independence, take responsibility for his behaviour and its outcomes, and solve problems. Your child needs these skills to become a young adult with her own standards for appropriate behaviour and respect for others.
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An important part of this is learning to stick to some clear rules, agreed on in advance, and with agreed consequences. Teenagers don’t yet have all the skills they need to make all their own decisions, so the limits you agree on for behaviour are an important influence on your child. Children with warm family relationships learn to control their own behaviour, especially when guided by parents. Negotiation is a key part of communicating with teenagers and can help avoid problems. Negotiating with your child shows that you respect his ideas. It also helps him learn to compromise when necessary as part of decision-making.
Limits also help your child develop positive social behaviour, including showing concern for others. Involve your child in working out limits and rules. When your child feels that you listen to her and she can contribute, she’ll be more likely to see you as fair and stick to the agreed rules. Be clear about the behaviour you expect. It can help to check that your child has understood your expectations. Come home after the movie’ might mean one thing to you, but something different to your child.
Come straight home after the movie ends and don’t go anywhere else’. I’m responsible for providing for you. You have responsibilities too, such as tidying your room’. Agree in advance with your child what the consequences will be if he doesn’t stick to the rules you’ve agreed on. Use descriptive praise when your child follows through on agreed limits. Thanks for coming straight home from the movie’.
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Different families have different standards and rules for behaviour. To check whether yours are realistic and reasonable, you could talk with parents and friends who have children of the same age. Many schools can also help with guidance. In this short video, mums, dads and teenagers talk together about why family rules are important, how rules are decided, and how household jobs are shared out. They also talk about how to sort out conflict over the rules.
Teenagers sometimes test limits and break rules. Using our Talking to Teens interactive guide, you can see how different approaches to handling this tricky situation can get different results. One way to deal with this is by using consequences. If you can make the consequence fit the misbehaviour, it gets your child to think about the issue and can feel fairer to your child too. For example, if your child is home later than the agreed time, a fitting consequence might be having to come home early next time. The aim of this strategy is to help your child understand your perspective and to learn that she needs to give and take. For example, if your child wants you to drive him to social outings, you could say you’ll do this if he follows the rules.
Try to avoid making this into a bribe. Let your child know beforehand that you might withdraw your cooperation as a consequence for misbehaviour. If you’d like me to keep driving you, you need to come home on time. If you’re late, I won’t drive you next time’. The aim is to help your child understand your perspective and to learn that he needs to give and take.